What is the future of small scale anaerobic digestion


#AD #biogas #AnaerobicDigestion #jcgregsolutions

https://www.biogasworld.com/news/future-small-scale-anaerobic-digestion/

Applied Technologies to Make Things Better. Thinking Outside the Box.

Biogas

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/10/23/on-waste-to-biogas-or-biomethane/

BioDiesel

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/12/08/on-biodiesel-from-used-cooking-oil-and-plant-seeds/

Solar Power

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/10/23/suns-free-energy-on-your-roof/

Monitoring and Control

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/scada-leverage-real-time-monitoring-wherever-you-are/

Solar Pump

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/solar-powered-water-pump-do-away-with-fuel-and-power-cost/

Financial Protection

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/12/08/on-financial-protection-innovatively-different-from-the-rest/

Social Media Marketing

https://medium.com/@gregoriojess/jcgreg-solutions-bc8b588e3a9a?source=linkShare-28768b24fc61-1501893719

Advertisements

What is the future of small scale anaerobic digestion


What is the future of small scale anaerobic digestion

#AD #biogas #AnaerobicDigestion #jcgregsolutions #wastegg

https://medium.com/@gregoriojess/what-is-the-future-of-small-scale-anaerobic-digestion-de1eb6dec0f2?source=linkShare-28768b24fc61-1512981137

Applied Technologies to Make Things Better


Biogas

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/10/23/on-waste-to-biogas-or-biomethane/

BioDiesel

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/12/08/on-biodiesel-from-used-cooking-oil-and-plant-seeds/

Solar Power

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/10/23/suns-free-energy-on-your-roof/

Monitoring and Control

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/scada-leverage-real-time-monitoring-wherever-you-are/

Solar Pump

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/solar-powered-water-pump-do-away-with-fuel-and-power-cost/

Financial Protection

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/12/08/on-financial-protection-innovatively-different-from-the-rest/

Social Media Marketing

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/08/14/social-media-marketing/

On biodiesel from used cooking oil and plant seeds.


Farm based mini biodiesel plant.

We need to create a grassroot industry that can produce essential products like fuel. This will help the farmers livelihood. Green technology that will save the planet, too.

The solution must be micro, affordable, practical, and user friendly. We specifically have that kind of technology attributes. See link below:

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/12/08/farm-based-biodiesel-manufacturing/

Browse related information about it.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/category/biodiesel/

For Inquiry and Request for Quotation, email gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Jess C. Gregorio

Affiliate Marketing and Project Lead Generation Manager for the Philippine Territory

Yahoo Mail:

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

JcGreg Solutions Blogsite:

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/

PlanET Biogastechnik GmbH Email:

j.gregorio@planet-biogas.com

PlanET Biogastechnik GmbH Website:

http://en.planet-biogas.com/

Farm-Based BioDiesel Manufacturing


A) BACKGROUND

Transesterification (alcoholysis) of vegetable oils means to replace the heavy glycerol for a lighter alcohol. It then results in FATTY ACID ALCOHOL ESTERS, (commonly known as “BIODIESEL”), and crude GLYCEROL.

B) REACTOR DESCRIPTION

The BD2 reactor is a single stainless steel vessel, pressurized, electrically heated and isolated batch unit, capable of either base, or base/base processes for transesterifying any vegetable oil, virgin or wasted one, with up to 7% acidity.

The vessel processes 63.5 gallon (240 liters) of vegetable oil/alcohol mix, delivering on average 53 gallon (200 liters) of Biodiesel and 10.5 gallon (40 liters) of glycerol, per batch, in approximately 11 hours.

The plant is skid mounted, self-contained, and can be powered by either 380V/50hz or 480 V/60hz; other voltages are available.

Oilless compressed air (10 psi) is provided by an innovative SA-T pendular oilless compressor.

Vegetable oil and alcohol are pumped through ball valves and visual level. The alkaline catalyst is pre-measured and then added to the alcohol. Proportions can be modified by the operator to fit different feedstocks. The strong and fast mixing is performed by one on-line mixer and two pumps.

Operator pre-set  temperature and pressure values are kept automatically. Instruments, lights, fail-safe visual and sound alarms are incorporated into the control panel.

A pressure relief valve and a vent manifold allow outside venting to a service line, complying with both ambient and work safety requirements.

Metal bodied, spherical valves, are used throughout.

C) BRIEF BD2 MODULE’s PROCESS DESCRIPTION

The minimum M4 module includes one BD2-D flash dryer and one BD2 processor.

The dryer has identical body, assembly and size than the reactor, but includes one venturi type vacuum pump on top.

The previously well settled, cleaned and filtered oil, is pumped into the dryer, which heats and dehydrate it by boiling the bonded water at relative low temperature under limited vacuum.

At the BD2 processor, the alcohol is pumped into the vessel and the mixing starts with the vent valve opened. The catalyst is first pre-measured by titration of the feedstock, and then poured into the vessel to mix.

The hot vegetable oil is then pumped from the BD2-D dryer into the reactor; the reactor’s pipe heaters (belt type) turned on, and finally the vent valve closed.

The mixing continues under selected conditions of temperature and pressure during a stated period. Once finished, the mixture settles under pressure, until the separation of the glycerol and the liquid alcoholester occurs.

The resulting glycerol is first extracted applying air pressure, and the remaining Biodiesel is pushed through a 5 microns filter before being stored.

* Total period process is around 11 h, then 2 batches per day can be done in the BD2 reactor

* More production can be reached by adding external pressurized settling tanks

-The methylester produced can reach the ASTM and EN 14214 standards.

E)  BD2 REACTOR SPECIFICATIONS

Dimensions:                                   – 29 x 34 x 73 in. (730 x 860 x 1845mm)

Weight                                           – 250 lbs. (125 kg)

Total volume                                   – 72.5 gallon (275 liter)

BD production                                 – 53 gallon (200 liter)

Glycerol production                         – 9/10.5 gallon (36/40 liter)

Centrifugal mixer pump                   – 1 HP motor, shield against flame

Electrical pipe’s surface heaters       – 4.5 kW

Module’s energy consumption per liter     – 50/60 Wh per liter

Working Compressed air pressure     – 15 PSI (1 bar)

**Specifications may change without notice.

For Inquiry and Request for Quotation, email gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Jess C. Gregorio

Affiliate Marketing and Project Lead Generation Manager for the Philippine Territory

Yahoo Mail:

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

JcGreg Solutions Blogsite:

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/

PlanET Biogastechnik GmbH Email:

j.gregorio@planet-biogas.com

PlanET Biogastechnik GmbH Website:

http://en.planet-biogas.com/

BACKYARD BIODIESEL BD2-F FILTER FOR METHYLESTER CLEANING


1. General Description

To assure the complete extraction of the remaining free glycerol particles (in case of short time settling), the biodiesel is forced through a rotating (6-7000 rpm) ejector.

This process separates from the liquid any particle over 0.5 micron size. Please note that the commercial cellulose fuel filters are designed to keep 15-20 micron particles.

NOTE: this filter also keeps off the sterol-glucoside particles(waxes core)

2. Main Process steps

• charge of 200 L of hot methylester from the settling tank

• open the “filter” valve

• turn ON the high pressure pump up to reach 5-6 bar in the manometer. Regulate the flow to 10 L/min.

• keep circulation during 20 minutes

• open the “extraction” valve to send the filtered liquid to the storage tank

** all the particles will be kept into the cover of the filter, which is cleaned by hand

OPTIONAL:

“dry washing”  the methylester

● charge 200 L of hot methylester from the settling tank

● add 1-2% of powder Magnesol type

● open the “circulation” valve and turn ON the  pump for mixing

● keep circulation during 20 minutes. Turn OFF the pump and close “circulation” valve

● Attach and EXTERNAL gross filtering device for 15-25 microns

● Open the “extraction” valve and turn ON the pressure pump to start the cleaning process. The output of the external filter should be connected to the inlet of the vessel to perform the  0.5 micron filtering under pressure (item 2.)

Technical description

Widht              800 mm

Depth              860 mm

Hight           1845 mm

Weight            125 kg

Mixing high pressure Pump  1/2 hp, three-phase 3×380-50Hz or 3x480V-60hz        

Maximum volume                       275 L

Capacity process                 600 L/h

For Inquiry and Request for Quotation, email gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Jess C. Gregorio

Affiliate Marketing and Project Lead Generation Manager for the Philippine Territory

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/

BD4-MG module to produce METHANOL from the crude GLYCEROL


BD4-MG module to produce METHANOL from the crude GLYCEROL

1. Main process description

The raw glycerol from the transesterification reaction of oils is treated with pure hydrogen in order to get these products:

– dry methanol, 90-95% purity

– free fatty acids

– polyglycols

** The % of each product depends on the composition of the glycerol feedstock

** FFA’s and Methanol can be re-used in the same biodiesel manufacturing, and the polyglycols may be sold to the chemical industry, or burnt as fuel .

2. Steps of the process

• load of 500 L (125 gal) of raw glycerol, weight around 600 kg (1200 lb)

• acid neutralization

• FFA’s extraction (+/- 25%), keeping the 80% purified glycerin

• hidrogenolysis of the glycerin under controlled temperature and vacuum

• extraction of the gaseous methanol and water cooled condensing (+/- 40%)

• extraction of the glycols (+/- 35%)

3. Production capacity

The BD4-MG module can process up to 1000 kg (2000 lb) of raw glycerol along of 24 h work.

It will produce around of 400 kg (800 lb) of methanol, 250 kg (500 lb) of FFA’s and 350 kg (700 lb) of glycols.

** See attached the flow chart of the process and the scope included.

The operation can be done by one non skilled people per shift

**  INPUTS:

– raw glycerol

– energy: 70 Wh/kg glicerol

– acid: 1 a 2,5% in volume

– catalizer: 0,01% per kg

– water: 0,4 L/kg

For Inquiry and Request for Quotation, email gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Jess C. Gregorio

Affiliate Marketing and Project Lead Generation Manager for the Philippine Territory

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/

Affordable Stainless Steel Machinery for Manufacturing BIODIESEL Fuel


– Get the best base reaction yield (98-99%) with our high temperature protocol, which

saves catalizer, methanol and reaction time (reducing the main cost)

– In one single step, it will process any oil or liquid yellow grease with up to 6% FFA

– Washing this biodiesel made from virgin oils is not mandatory. No polluting by-products!

– Liquid lye catalyzer may also be used (in this case, use our sawdust dry washing).

     

The smallest & lightweight  M4 module makes and gravity settles 2 x 200L (2x50gal) of biodiesel per day. It is composed of the following:

1 (one) BD2-D, vacuum flash dryer for full dewatering 100-200 L/h of  veggie oil

1 (one) BD2 pressurized processor, performing the 240 liter batch reaction

1 (one) SAT-1, oil less, air compressor for safety handling the liquids

Designed to be installed in full ventilated rooms, all the biodiesel processors are industrial grade, stainless steel made, with on-line mixer, double pump feeding, belt type electric heaters in pipes, and 3 safety devices.

The optional BD2F vessel is a 0.5 micron filter to keep out the sterol glucosides particles, and delivers the best bio diesel for low temperature use.

The resulting biodiesel can meet ASTM or EN standards (depends on the feedstock used).

Main Benefits:

> driven by one single non-skilled personnel.

> reduced energy consumption: 60 Wh/liter, including the oil dewatering

> liquid lye can be used as catalizer (sawdust dry “washing” must be used in this case)

> gravity settling means no maintenance needed: it exists two mobile parts only

Easy and fast biodiesel quality control by two physical parameters and 2 tests:

* Specific Gravity at 20°C < 0.895 g/cm3

* Kinematic Viscosity at 40°C < 5.5 cSt

* PH > 7 measure, and the “27/3” chemical test

Expandable from 400 to 6000 L/day (1500 gal/day):

Each module can make 15 reactions in 24h. Then, by sending the mixture to external settling tanks (BD2-E type) the vessel becomes free to handle successive reactions. This way, one M40 module may settles up to 6,000 liters/day(1500 gal/day) of high quality biodiesel.

** NOTE: the 8-9h gravity settling time into the pressurized decanters defines the daily production. Each batch reaction, from the oil drying up to the reaction end, takes 60-90 minutes only.

There are available bigger M8/16/24/32/40 modules with the new BD4 reactor with one 400 L/batch BD4 type processor, the M40 module offers a production of 6000 L of biodiesel in 24h (over 1800 T/year) by adding several BD4-E settling tanks.

Manpower Requirements: two operators.

Modular arrangement: several M40 units can be placed in parallel to increase the production. Any of them may simultaneously process a different feedstock each to make high quality biodiesel.

Our supply comes with BD JET Manual, detailing the technology and instructions for easy DIY installation.

To comply with quality control, the scope includes instruments for Specific Gravity & Viscosity measurements.

As an option, we can include the new BD2-F device, for 0.5 micron centrifugal filtering, which will remove any sterol glucosyde particle from the biodiesel.

For Inquiry and Request for Micro Biodiesel Manufacturing Equipments, email gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Jess C. Gregorio

Affiliate Marketing and Project Lead Generation Manager for the Philippine Territory

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/

Make your own Biodiesel in the farm by installing an integrated plant


Dry oil seeds: ->> press crushing->> crude oil->>M40 module->> —->> biodiesel fuel ready!

Oil Screw Press for Soya Bean

As the biodiesel cost is mainly the oil cost, we strongly suggest to make your own cheap oil from seeds.

Use our affordable and strong screw press-expanders, for crushing up to 750 kg/h of Groundnut, Soyabean, Sunflower, Castorseed, Sesame, Palm fruit, Rapeseed, Cottonseed, Linseed, Copra, etc.

See Details of Oil Microfactory below:

Oil Content into the Oil Seeds

Groundnut

Castor Seed

Sunflower

Copra


PALM KERNEL

SESAME

RAPESEED

MUSTARD

LIN SEED

COTTON SEED

SOYABEEN

PALM FRUIT

SCREW EXPELLER WITH ELECTRIC HEATERS


Pure Natural Cooking Oil

Salient Features of the Oil Mill

1.

Mill is suitable for crushing all types of oilseeds whether edible or non edible.

2.

Filtration of oil is better than bigger oil mills giving transparent pure natural & “at a stretch convincing” appearance to the oil.

3.

Decorticator has special provision for shelling groundnut for seed purpose without breakage.

4.

Yield of oil is as high as big mills because of highly scientific worm sequence inside the chamber cage.

5.

Maintenance expenses are negligible.

6.

Technology is so simple that person can be trained only in 3 days to operate the mill.

7.

Video CD is supplied with every export mill to explain operation, maintenance, name of components, dismantling, assembling etc.

8.

The virgin vegetable oil is also used to make BIODIESEL fuel with the innovative BD2 reactors.

9.

The cake can be transformed in more valuable flavour by our special Micronizer.

% Oil Extraction from Different Oil Seeds

Typical oil extraction from 100 kg. of best oil seeds will be as under

PALM KERNAL

36 kg

SOYABEAN

14 kg

SESAME

50 kg

PALM FRUIT

20 kg

RAPESEED

37 kg

GROUNDNUT KERNEL

42 kg

MUSTARD

35 kg

CASTOR SEED

36 kg

LIN SEED

42 kg

SUNFLOWER

32 kg

COTTON SEED

13 kg

COPRA

62 kg

Special Facilities of Expeller

1.

Chamber cage opens on hinges simply by tilting of chamber halves.

2.

Thickness of cake can be adjusted for optimal operation.

3.

Traditional oil pump is replaced by a vacuum pump.

4.

Operation ready foundation frame. No foundation required for machine on the ground. You can start milling in 24 hours after installation. You can relocate the machine from one place to another as and when required.

5.

6 tapper roller bearing make expeller very sturdy and durable. No ball bearing fitted any where.

6.

As expeller is very compact, it is economical to import by air freight.

Basic Requirements

Dimensions

1,5 x 1,5 x 2m, 1500kg

SHED

About 300 sq. ft. 15′ X 20′ (5 m X 6 m.)

MANPOWER

Only two persons, one skilled and other unskilled.

CAPITAL

cracker+electric kettle+ expeller + filter = (email gregoriojess@yahoo.com for RFQ)

POWER

7.5 HP, three phase electric Motor + 1.1kw heaters.

Some additional explanations

1.

Highly experienced mill operator can extract oil without cooking from rape seeds, cottonseed, sesame, sunflower, copra etc. For Groundnut, Palm kernel, Castor seed, cooking is essential.

2.

Refining of oil is not required. Filtered oil is best for health. Filter oil has minimum 18 months shelf life. However, cottonseed oil requires refining or at least neutralization.

3.

Castor seed oil requires steam heating in a neutralizer vessel before filtration.

4.

For palm fruits, our conventional expeller will not be useful. SPECIAL KIND OF EXPELLER WITH DIFFERENT DESIGN IS PROVIDED FOR PALM FRUITS and such expeller specifically for palm fruits is not useful for any other oilseeds.

Function of Machinery

1.

Cracker breaks the sunflower/castor/copra/groundnut  seeds and gives the mixture of kernels & husks for crushing. Runs on 4 H.P. Motor. (Not included).

2.

Cooking kettle heats and cooks the kernels or oilseeds by electricity. A little spray water is also added to the oilseeds to increase moisture content to optimum level. Kettle is mounted on the expeller and is driven from expeller motor.

3.

Expeller crushes oilseeds producing oil and oil cake.

4.

 Filtered oil is completely pure and fresh natural edible oil.

5

Neutralizer (optional) removes free fatty acids from cottonseed oil by adding caustic soda (lye). It is driven by 1 H.P. Motor. Castor oil also can be heated into neutralizer by steam coils inside the neutralizer.

Socio-economic Benefits

1.

Oil Mills greatly encourage rural development as wealth and self-employment jobs are generated in villages.

2.

 Oil Mills save transport expenses for carrying oilseeds to cities and bringing oil from cities.

3.

Consumers empty tins can be refilled and hence costly packing expenses can be saved.

4.

 Oil Mills make pure, fresh natural oil available to villagers from their own oilseeds on custom milling basis. So villagers are saved from profiteering, adulteration, taxations etc.

5.

Speculation in oil and oilseed becomes impossible due to decentralised production in Tiny Oil Mills

6.

 Oil Mills eliminate exploitation by middlemen and traders, as consumers have direct contact with mills.

7.

 Oil Mills encourage animal husbandry by making oilcake available as cattlefeed. It increases milk production considerably

8.

 Oil Mills create confidence and enthusiasm among villagers and their youngsters to run and manage rural industries. This is the greatest benefit as it accelerates creative entrepreneurship for other industries also.

For Inquiry and Request for Micro Biodiesel Manufacturing Equipments, email gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Jess C. Gregorio

Affiliate Marketing and Project Lead Generation Manager for the Philippine Territory

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/

The First Farmer Who Produced His Own Diesel Fuel


BIODIESEL: first farmer that produces his own diesel fuel

Since April 2003, Dr Thomas Hernandorena, an argentine farmer from Coronel Suarez (Buenos Aires state) has become the pioneer of the integrated biofuel production. From the sunflower oil seeds to the tractor and harvester machine’s fuel tank.

As per the last available information, this one is the first integrated renewable fuel installation in the world.

The know how, basic engineering and all the equipment were supplied on 2002 by ABATEC S.A., an argentine company too.

The production package includes two steps :

– oilseeds crushing to obtain rich expeller and pure filtered oil

– processing this virgin oil by using one BIO2 pressurized reactor, to get biodiesel and valuable glycerol.

The crushing step includes a 2HP sunflower cracker, one rugged Tinytech screw press with 10HP motor for 3000 kg/day of seeds, and one press filter with 12 plates for maximum purification of the oil.

Is important to point out that this sunflower oil, obtained by first pressing, is ready to be used as edible oil. At present, the farmer is getting a 40% of oil extraction from his seeds.

The simultaneously produced sunflower cake has around 10% of remaining oil into it, and is used with big success to feed the cattle of the farm in winter, when lack of green grass.

The biodiesel step is made with a pressurized reactor for 400 L/day in two batches of 200 liter. He uses lye as catalizer and industrial grade methanol for the alcoholisis. He also gets 80 liter/day of high quality glycerol.

The fuel flows through the 5 micron filter of the BIO2, and is stored in plastic drums. Its first 100% use is for feeding the diesel generating set that supports all the farm. It runs smoothly and w/o any gases pollution. The biodiesel is also the only fuel for farm machines, truck, pickup and the farmer’s family cars.

The filtered glycerol is also used as a biodegradable detergent on buidings and as liquid soap for hands and skin.

This farmer noted that by using a 3% of the collected seeds to make biodiesel fuel, this quantity results enough to cultivate the 100% of his land during the year round. Of course, this will depend on the crop’s yield at each zone.

With the small integrated plant, which cost is similar to the one modern light truck, and needs 60m2 of space only, this farmer can for the first time in history, to decide when and what to do with his production. He has now seeds, cake, oil , glycerol and biodiesel. All them products with high added value.

We hope his example can be followed by several small farmers all around the world.

For Inquiry and Request for Micro Biodiesel Manufacturing Equipments, email gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Jess C. Gregorio

Affiliate Marketing and Project Lead Generation Manager for the Philippine Territory

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/