What is the “fear of the Lord?”



From a treatise on the psalms by Saint Hilary, bishop
The meaning of “the fear of the Lord”
Blessed are those who fear the Lord, who walk in his ways. Notice that when Scripture speaks of the fear of the Lord it does not leave the phrase in isolation, as if it were a complete summary of faith. No, many things are added to it, or are presupposed by it. From these we may learn its meaning and excellence. In the book of Proverbs Solomon tells us: If you cry out for wisdom and raise your voice for understanding, if you look for it as for silver and search for it as for treasure, then you will understand the fear of the Lord. We see here the difficult journey we must undertake before we can arrive at the fear of the Lord.
We must begin by crying out for wisdom. We must hand over to our intellect the duty of making every decision. We must look for wisdom and search for it. Then we must understand the fear of the Lord.
“Fear” is not to be taken in the sense that common usage gives it. Fear in this ordinary sense is the trepidation our weak humanity feels when it is afraid of suffering something it does not want to happen. We are afraid, or made afraid, because of a guilty conscience, the rights of someone more powerful, an attack from one who is stronger, sickness, encountering a wild beast, suffering evil in any form. This kind of fear is not taught: it happens because we are weak. We do not have to learn what we should fear: objects of fear bring their own terror with them.
But of the fear of the Lord this is what is written: Come, my children, listen to me, I shall teach you the fear of the Lord. The fear of the Lord has then to be learned because it can be taught. It does not lie in terror, but in something that can be taught. It does not arise from the fearfulness of our nature; it has to be acquired by obedience to the commandments, by holiness of life and by knowledge of the truth.
For us the fear of God consists wholly in love, and perfect love of God brings our fear of him to its perfection. Our love for God is entrusted with its own responsibility: to observe his counsels, to obey his laws, to trust his promises. Let us hear what Scripture says: And now, Israel, what does the Lord your God ask of you except to fear the Lord your God and walk in his ways and love him and keep his commandments with your whole heart and your whole soul, so that it may be well for you?
The ways of the Lord are many, though he is himself the way. When he speaks of himself he calls himself the way and shows us the reason why he called himself the way: No one can come to the Father except through me.
We must ask for these many ways, we must travel along these many ways, to find the one that is good. That is, we shall find the one way of eternal life through the guidance of many teachers. These ways are found in the law, in the prophets, in the gospels, in the writings of the apostles, in the different good works by which we fulfill the commandments. Blessed are those who walk these ways in the fear of the Lord.

Top 8 common causes of Fire at Home 



By Kathrina Ysabel Pineda

A scary fact: thousands of house fires occur every year. To be safe, there must be smoke alarms, fire extinguishers, and emergency exits present in every home and establishments. It is always better to act cautiously. As the saying goes, “Forewarned is forearmed”. Listed down are 8 most common causes of house fires every homeowner should be aware of:

See the list.

http://www.dailystarph.com/top-8-common-causes-of-fire-at-home-manila-bulletin-lifestyle/

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ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

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On Scalability and Replicability of Smart Grid Projects – A Case Study



This paper studies the scalability and replicability of smart grid projects. Currently, most smart grid projects are still in the R&D or demonstration phases. The full roll-out of the tested solutions requires a suitable degree of scalability and replicability to prevent project demonstrators from remaining local experimental exercises.

Read the research.

https://adalidda.com/posts/WxuxdPrRJWqRdaBP2/on-scalability-and-replicability-of-smart-grid-projects-a

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Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

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What’s the difference between global warming and climate change?


Global warming is just one symptom of the much larger problem of climate change. NOAA Climate.gov cartoon by Emily Greenhalgh.

Another distinction between global warming and climate change is that when scientists or public leaders talk about global warming these days, they almost always mean human-caused warming—warming due to the rapid increase in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases from people burning coal, oil, and gas.

Climate change, on the other hand, can mean human-caused changes or natural ones, such as ice ages. Besides burning fossil fuels, humans can cause climate changes by emitting aerosol pollution

The tiny particles that reflect sunlight and cool the climate— into the atmosphere, or by transforming the Earth’s landscape, for instance, from carbon-storing forests to farmland.
Read the whole article

https://remarkeet.com/blog/blog/2017/02/21/whats-difference-global-warming-climate-change/

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ENVIRONMENTAL OPTIMISM FROM 2016


January 16, 2017 · by andrewhattle · in climate change, energy, politics. ·


Climate activists in the Lusatia coal fields of Germany shut down one of Europe’s largest open cast coal mines in May 2016 as part of the Ende Gelände campaign. Photo credit: Ende Gelände/350.org via Flickr.

By Andrew Hattle

Arctic sea ice continued to melt, forests were felled and coral died en masse, in 2016 there were ominous predictions surrounding the longevity of summertime polar ice caps and greenwashing merely persisted as a thing. Even the most earnest of environmentalists must be, by now, completely desensitised to last year’s string of broken/records, and has since returned to twitter to vent on #ExxonKnew.

Trump, his cabinet picks, and Brexit were of little comfort and succeeded only in perpetuating uncertainties surrounding U.S. and UK environmental ambitions and the dour narrative of the climate debate in general. Yet whilst western establishments adjusted to new status quos, atmospheric carbon failed in all 12 months of last year to drop below 400 parts per million, encroached on an already dwindling carbon budget and helped average global temperatures surpass 1.5 ℃ above pre-industrial levels in February and March.

So where are the success stories? The pick-me-ups to be taken from what is at first glance, a truly awful year for environmental news.

Despair less – inside and out of political and economic circles 2016 showed that policy, grassroots and technological responses can coax an increasingly inclusive environmental movement forward when faced with big, petite-handed hurdles that you seem to think you’ve met before.

A report released in March by the UN Environment Programme showed record increases of renewable capacity during 2015, especially in developing countries and documented a 5% increase in renewable energy investment globally, doubling those of fossil fuels suffering from dwindling oil and gas prices. The International Energy Association (IEA) confirmed that carbon emissions had been decoupled from economic growth (for a second year running), consolidating renewables as a mainstream energy source able to compete with fossil fuels in business as usual markets, replace coal and help stall global emissions. The reports followed falling costs in renewable power production and preceded increased solar and wind capacity across the globe.

Read the whole article

In hindsight: environmental optimism from 2016

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InSpecIT Inc.

Integration Specialist for Instrumentation Technology

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

SCADA and all related system integration, one that really work for end users, must have only the best combination of skills and materials for the job.

We do premium pricing for our job. Each project done proved to be the lowest cost in the long run. The product of our commitment to do the ordinary extraordinarily.

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We also offer solutions on the following:

Biogas Power Plant, W2E, MSW Landfill Alternative Solutions, BioMethane from organic waste to replace depleting LNG supply.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/02/10/reliable-partner-for-biogas-business/

Solar Pumping for Irrigation Water, Aquaculture, Island Domestic Water Need.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/10/17/solar-powered-irrigation-for-rice-paddies/

Financed LED Lights Retrofitting for Malls, High Rise Building, and Industrial Estates.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/10/17/have-led-will-pay/

Steam Generation, Distribution, Thermal Energy Recovery Design/Survey/Engineering

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/12/18/the-basics-of-steam-heating/

Waterways Remediation, Fish Kill, Oil Spill, and Bio Organic Oxygen-in-Water Enhancement, Rivers/Lakes/Sea BioSystem Recovery.

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Sun Powered Large Scale Airconditioning Cold Storage, Heating, and Steam Generation. 

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The 4th Industrial Revolution fuels our business. 

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Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

How to do sales or business meetings in Asia


Business etiquette is hardly something that should stand in the way of a deal. Most deals just close on logical moves, countered by logical responses, offers and a handshake. But that’s not how things work in Asia.
Unlike the Western countries, Asian countries emphasize on etiquette and culture alongside the deal details. One can simply not expect walking in, exchanging smiles, signing the contract and going home. If you want to establish an essential business relationship here, you just need to spend time in a country to understand its people and how they really work.
Read more.

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/headed-sales-meeting-asia-heres-everything-you-need-keep-chandran

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When you need a SCADA, HMI, BMS, FDAS, Instrumentation and Control System Integrator.

SCADA and all related system integration, one that really work for end users, must have only the best combination of skills and materials for the job.

We do premium pricing for our job. Each project done proved to be the lowest cost in the long run. The product of our commitment to do the ordinary extraordinarily.
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Accenture: The Era of the Intelligent Enterprise



Accenture: The Era of the Intelligent Enterprise

Accenture published their annual prediction of the technology trends that will shape the future of companies in the next three years. According to Accenture Technology Vision 2017, an annual report that predicts the most significant technology trends over the next three years, people hold the power to shape and apply technology to create positive change, improve lives, and transform business and society. 
Read more.
http://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/us_5887b422e4b05a82fd5b2fa2

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InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

HR’s Vital Role in How Employees Spend Their Time, Talent, and Energy



HR’s Vital Role in How Employees Spend Their Time, Talent, and Energy
Human capital, not financial capital, is today’s scarcest resource. It can be measured in three ways:

* Time. The hours that employees put into their jobs

* Talent. The skills, capabilities, and ingenuity they bring to their work

* Energy. The level of engagement, passion, and focus they apply to their work

The combination of these factors (time + talent + energy) and the interactions between them, is how human capital is converted into productivity and economic value.
Read more…
https://hbr.org/2017/01/hrs-vital-role-in-how-employees-spend-their-time-talent-and-energy

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Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

Mobile +63916 769 9056, +63949 707 2424, +63918 965 2721

Email: gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Biogas FAQ


Re-Posted Technical Paper for Reference Purposes

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What is biogas?

Biogas is a byproduct of the decomposition of organic matter by anaerobic bacteria.

Biogas is typically composed of 60% methane and 40% CO2. It is similar to natural gas which is composed of 99% methane.

Biogas is a clean and renewable energy that may be substituted to natural gas to cook, to produce vapor, hot water or to generate electricity.

At room pressure and temperature biogas is in gaseous form, not liquid like LPG (propane). Bottling biogas is a very expensive process.

How does it work?

Organic waste is put into a sealed tank called a digester (or bioreactor) where it is heated and agitated. In the absence of oxygen anaerobic bacteria consume the organic matter to multiply and produce biogas.

What type of waste produces biogas?

Any organic waste has the ability to produce biogas: human excreta, manure, animal slurry, fruit and vegetable waste, slaughterhouse waste, meat packing waste, dairy factory waste, brewery and distillery waste, etc.

Fiber rich wastes like wood, leaves, etc. make poor feedstocks for digesters as they are difficult to digest.

How much biogas can I get out of my waste?

The amount of biogas you can extract from your organic waste depends on the waste itself and the design of the digester system.

Some digesters can yield 20 m3 of biogas per tonne of waste while others can yield as much as 800 m3 per tonne.

It all depends on waste quality, digester design and proper operation of the system.

Where is biogas produced?

Biogas is normally produced in nature by the anaerobic degradation of organic waste in soil, marshes, ocean, etc.

Biogas is also produced in landfills where organic food waste degrades in anaerobic conditions.

Biogas can be produced in anaerobic digesters. These are equipment (tanks) providing full control of the process and ensuring full biogas recovery.

Since methane is a potent greenhouse gas, isn’t it stupid to produce biogas?

Methane has a greenhouse gas (GHG) heating factor 21 times higher than CO2.

Combustion of biogas converts methane into CO2 and reduces the GHG impact by over 20 times.

By extracting methane out of waste and using it to produce heat and/or electricity we ensure that the waste will not degrade in an open environment therefore reducing direct methane atmospheric emissions. Moreover, the energy provided by the biogas is likely to displace fossil fuel which is the main contributor to GHG emissions.

Biogas energy is considered carbon neutral, since carbon emitted by its combustion comes from carbon fixed by plants (natural carbon cycle).

How much energy is in biogas?

Each cubic meter (m3) of biogas contains the equivalent of 6 kWh of calorific energy.

However, when we convert biogas to electricity, in a biogas powered electric generator, we get about 2 kWh of useable electricity, the rest turns into heat which can also be used for heating applications.

2 kWh is enough energy to power a 100 W light bulb for 20 hours or a 2000W hair dryer for 1 hour.

What happens to the waste after digestion?

Despite popular belief, the amount of waste going in the digester is almost equal to the amount coming out. However the quality of the waste is altered for the better (less odor, better fertilizer, organic load reduced, less polluting)

Waste coming out of the digester can be separated (solid/liquid):the solid part can be composted and the liquid part can be used as liquid fertilizer or can be treated further and disposed.

So why make biogas?

It always costs money to get rid of waste. If it doesn’t cost you anything, you are probably creating an environmental hazard.

By putting a digester in your waste treatment chain you introduce a potential revenue center.

For example:

On a farm the manure is not considered to be a waste but a fertilizer. By installing a digester the farmer can profit from the biogas by reducing odors and enhancing the fertilizing value of the manure.

In an agro-food industry the digester can be used as a primary waste treatment unit where the biogas is used to offset some energy cost in the plant and to reduce the size of the secondary waste treatment.

How much does it cost and how much can I make?

Biogas plants can take various shapes and forms.

A simple agricultural plant could cost as low as $3,500 per electrical kW installed. Municipal food waste plant can cost up to $19,000/kWe installed!

Every project is different. A typical payback on a biogas plant is 7 years.

Biogas systems are significant capital investments that require careful planning to maximize the chances of success.

If you feel exposed to energy price fluctuation and you have an environmental conscience about your waste then a biogas plant could be a sustainable solution for you.

OK I’m interested. Send me info on your technology.

All biogas systems are customized to fit your needs. Every biogas system is unique, because everyone’s waste quantity and quality is different.

To ensure the economic viability of the system great care must go in the study, design, construction and operation of the biogas plant.

Can I make a biogas plant myself?

Yes, if you have time and money you can surely make one. You will have to educate yourself on the intricacies of a biogas plant design, build a plan, research equipment, find suppliers, hire engineers and contractors, get permits, get financing, negotiate energy contracts, perform construction supervision, register your project for greenhouse gas credits, etc.

How long does it take to build a biogas plant?

For a moderate to large scale digester (300 m3 +) it will typically take, from the first call to a running biogas plant, anywhere from 8 months to 2 years.

If you are interested in building a small family size digester (10 m3 or less) you can count about 1 to 2 months until you have a functioning biogas plant.

How difficult is it to run a biogas plant?

A biogas plant is like an animal. You must feed it every day and feed it the right stuff in the right amount. Just like an animal if you don’t take good care of it, it will become ill and will yield poor results.

How much do you charge for engineering a biogas plant?

Typically engineering fees will run between 5% to 12% of overall project cost.

Ok I’m interested in your services, what are the steps?

PRELIMINARY EVALUATION

You contact us and tell us everything about your waste (type, daily quantities, physical properties, etc.) We will also need to know your energy needs and what you intend to do with the biogas: convert to electricity, heat, cooking, etc.

We then perform a preliminary evaluation, free of charge, to check if your project is viable at all.

PRELIMINARY ENGINEERING

If the project appears viable,  you can then hire our services just for preliminary engineering report to size and price your project. This will be essential documentation for you to raise capital for your project. A typical cost for this report is between $7,500 to $25,000 USD, depending on project size and complexity.

Typically, financial institutions will require you to lock up construction permits, feedstock supply agreements, energy purchase agreements, and environmental authorization before they provide funds.

Additional “detailed” engineering may be required to obtain all necessary pre-requisites and secure funds. You should plan a budget for this additional engineering.

DETAILED ENGINEERING, PROCUREMENT & CONSTRUCTION

You have secured financing and want to start building your biogas plant.

We will provide complete plans, tender documents and equipment specifications to hire the right contractors and offer you the right equipment.

Some of our clients want to manage the construction themselves. In this case, we provide sporadic site supervision to ensure proper implementation.

If you don’t want to get involved with the construction, you can hire InSpecIT Inc. to project manage equipment procurement and construction for you. We will make sure the project progresses as smoothly as possible and will tell you when to pay whom.

BIOGAS PLANT STARTUP

Strongly recommend you hire us to perform plant commissioning and startup.

Since when is biogas used by humans?

The formation of biogas is a natural phenomenon that naturally occurs in wetland, manure stack, human and animal intestines. For centuries, humans have harvested the power of bacteriological digestion, by recovering naturally formed biogas to use for lighting, cooking, heating or to power mechanical engines.

In Asia, millions of family digesters were built to provide cooking fuel and lighting in rural areas. During the Second World War, German army trucks were fueled with biogas collected from farmers manure (gas engine).

Over the last 50 years remarkable progress has been made in the development of anaerobic digesters (bioreactors) to increase methane (CH4) yield and improve its process flow technologies.

Nowadays, thousands of projects around the world, from small dairy farms to large municipal waste water treatment plants, are demonstrating that biogas recovery systems are environmentally and economically sound. In Europe, villages are entirely supplied in electricity and heat from their local centralized biogas pant.

What about Bio-Hydrogen (BioH2)?

Today, ground breaking biotechnology discoveries have brought new hope for the hydrogen (H2) economy. Bacteriological digestion/fermentation of organic waste holds the promise of biological production of H2

The clear advantage of bio-hydrogen over biogas is that BioH2 produces virtually no greenhouse gases.

Can biogas be used in fuel cells?

A fuel cell is a system that directly converts a gaseous chemical reaction into electricity. In a typical fuel cell, pure hydrogen (H2) reacts with oxygen (O2) from the air to create water (H2O), heat and electricity.

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) can convert cleaned up biogas directly into electricity.

Before the advent of fuel cell technology, internal combustion engine generators were the sole alternative for conversion of bio-methane into heat and electricity with a typical 25 to 40 % efficiency range. 

Today, several companies offer direct methane fuel cell systems for silent production of green energy from bio-methane.

Because pure hydrogen fuel cells offer biogas-electrical conversion efficiency in the 50% to 60% range, we foresee tremendous opportunities in the marriage of BioH2 digestion and fuel cell technologies.


Biogas Frequently Asked Questions

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/12/18/biogas-faq/

Waste to Energy. What is holding you back?

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/10/23/waste-to-energy-what-is-holding-you/




Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

Mobile +63916 769 9056, +63949 707 2424, +63918 965 2721

Email: gregoriojess@yahoo.com








The Basics of Steam Heating


Re-Posted from The basics of steam heating by Dan Holohan – MasterPlumbers.com PlumbViews.

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We can find ways to save you cost, recover thermal energy, and raise the efficiency of your steam system. Invite us to look around your generation and distribution system and we will recommend plan of actions on the said direction. 

We design and integrate customized steam system distribution, waste thermal energy recovery, heating process efficiency enhancement, boilerhouse energy saving solutions, and troubleshoot steam system problem areas. Do turnkey steam generation projects.

+63916 769 9056, +63918 965 2721, 

gregoriojess@yahoo.com