5 Big Mistakes You Make Cleaning Windows



Washing your windows is the sort of annoying chore that you want to get right the first time. To make sure you only have to tackle this project once, note these common mistakes before you start spraying and wiping.
Read the article
http://www.goodhousekeeping.com/home/cleaning/tips/a32040/mistakes-cleaning-windows/

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🕶 JcGreg AdPlugIT
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Difference Between DCS and SCADA



DCS and SCADA are monitoring and control mechanisms that are used in industrial installations to keep track and control of the processes and equipment; to ensure that everything goes smoothly, and none of the equipment work outside the specified limits. The most significant difference between the two is their general design. DCS, or Data Control System, is process oriented, as it focuses more on the processes in each step of the operation. SCADA, or Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition, focuses more on the acquisition and collation of data for reference of the personnel who are charged with keeping track of the operation.

DCS is process state driven, while SCADA is even driven. DCS does all its tasks in a sequential manner, and events are not recorded until it is scanned by the station. In contrast, SCADA is event driven. It does not call scans on a regular basis, but waits for an event or for a change in value in one component to trigger certain actions. SCADA is a bit more advantageous in this aspect, as it lightens the load of the host. Changes are also recorded much earlier, as an event is logged as soon as a value changes state.

In terms of applications, DCS is the system of choice for installations that are limited to a small locale, like a single factory or plant, while SCADA is preferred when the entire system is spread across a much larger geographic location, examples of which would be oil wells spread out in a large field. Part of the reason for this is the fact that DCS needs to be always connected to the I/O of the system, while SCADA is expected to perform even when field communications fail for some time. SCADA does this by keeping a record of all current values, so that even if the base station is unable to extract new information from a remote location, it would still be able to present the last recorded values.

Summary:

 

1. DCS is process oriented, while SCADA is data acquisition oriented.

2. DCS is process state driven, while SCADA is event driven.

3. DCS is commonly used to handle operations on a single locale, while SCADA is preferred for applications that are spread over a wide geographic location.

4. DCS operator stations are always connected to its I/O, while SCADA is expected to operate despite failure of field communications.

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Difference between Dcs and Plc


In the manufacturing process, there are two types of control that can be employed. One is the Programmed Logic Controller, otherwise commonly referred to as PLC, and the other is the DCS, or the Distributed Control System. The Programmed Logic Control system is a standalone control and is developed to perform a specific task. The DCS, on the other hand, functions as a control system that can work through various levels for the end result to be achieved. This means that the DCS can be formed by several levels of PLC’s in creating a fully functional system.

Traditionally, the formulation of DCS’s was extremely expensive and was only recommended for batch processing industries, as they had various levels of production before the final product was delivered. This concept holds today, albeit with a few changes that have occurred along the way.

Multiple PLC and DCS solutions have been developed through time to ease automation and entire control processes. One of the PLC solutions developed was coupled with HMI (Human Machine Interface)/SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) which allows for user interaction. Furthermore, PLC is a management tool that has a rather analogous control function for process management. PLC ensures that the ladder logic is maintained. This is the preferred solution for use for Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) and special project needs. For user interaction, a HMI/SCADA panes must be provided.

For slightly larger processes, a DCS is preferred. This allows for easier management of processes that are beyond the scope of a single PLC management. A small DCS management is much better when compared to traditional DCS management systems, largely due to a smaller footprint. Also the system has a diagnostics database that lowers ownership costs.

For large processes a large DCS solution is recommended. This is a distributed control that has numerous features to help in meeting the production requirements. Functions such as collecting controlling output, alarming, processing, and data collection all are managed in the DCS system. There are specific measures instituted in the DCS solution to handle each process. With the entire system synchronized no single system failure can lead to the failure of another system of a different part.

The geographical distribution of the area is also a factor when deciding between PLC and DCS. If the control functions have been distributed over different geographic locations, use of PLC or even DCS can be considered, depending on the needs. Having different processes individually can help a single part of the system in its management, especially when failure arises, since the failure of a given system does not mean that the entire process should come to a grinding halt.
 

The control algorithms in DCS ought to be advanced, as the loop between the measured and manipulated input handles the entire process. When the word ‘system’ is mentioned in DCS, it means that one process is linked to the rest and there are different physical processes spread over a wide area. To ensure that the PLC control is working as expected, there should be two processes running in the PLC, one controlling the process in question, while the other safeguards the process. Smaller PLC’s can have the same unit running both the control and safeguarding processes.

Summary

PLC is mainly used as a controller of processes and mainly comes as a standalone program.

DCS is mainly used as a control system and will feature different processes which can be made up of merged PLC’s.

Both DCS and PLC can be configured or reconfigured.

DCS is a relatively large system while the PLC is a small system.

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🕶 JcGreg AdPlugIT

SCADA. FDAS. BMS. HMI. FMS. DCS. PLC. PAC. DCS. RTU. SMS. When you need experience and expertise on System Integration.
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The Best Divorce Letter



The Best Divorce Letter…

My Dear Husband, I’m writing this letter to tell u that I’m leaving you. I’ve been a good wife to u for the last 20 years and I have nothing to show for it, and the last 2 weeks haven been hell. Your boss called to tell me that u left your job today which was the last straw. Last week, you came home and u didn’t even notice I had a new hairstyle, had cooked your favorite meal and even wore a brand new night gown. You ate in 2 minutes and went straight to sleep after watching your TV soaps. You didn’t tell me u love me anymore, u didn’t want sex or anything that connects us as husband and wife. Either u are cheating on me or u don’t love me anymore. Whatever the case, I’m gone….  YOUR EX-WIFE

P.S. Don’t try to find me. Your BROTHER and I are moving to New Zealand together! Have a great life!….

REPLY :

Dear Ex-Wife, 

Nothing has made my day more than receiving your letter. It’s true u and I have been married for 20 years, although a good woman is a far cry from what u have been. I watch TV soaps so much becoz they down out your constant whining and bitching. Too bad that doesnt work anymore. I did notice when u got a hairdo last week, but the 1st thing that came to my mind was ‘you look just like a boy!’. Since my father raised me not to say anything if u can’t say something nice, I didn’t comment. When u cooked my favorite meal, u must have got me confused with MY BROTHER becoz I haven’t eaten prawns for 7 years. About the new night gown, I turned away from u becoz the $299.99 price tag was still on it, and I prayed it was a coincidence that my brother had just borrowed $300 from me that morning. After all of this, i still loved u and felt we could work it out. So when I won the $20 million Lotto on Saturday, I left my job and bought 2 tickets for us to Paris, but when I got home u were gone. Everything happens for a reason, I guess. I hope u have fulfilling life u always wanted. My lawyer said that the LETTER u wrote ensures u won’t get a dollar from me. So take care…
Signed….
Your Ex-Husband, Rich As Hell And Free!

P.S. I don’t know if I ever told u this, but my brother CARL was born CARLA. .I hope that’s not a problem

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🕶 JcGreg AdPlugIT

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The mystery of man’s reconciliation with God



From a letter by Saint Leo the Great, pope

The mystery of man’s reconciliation with God

Lowliness is assured by majesty, weakness by power, mortality by eternity. To pay the debt of our sinful state, a nature that was incapable of suffering was joined to one that could suffer. Thus, in keeping with the healing that we needed, one and the same mediator between God and men, the man Jesus Christ, was able to die in one nature, and unable to die in the other.

He who is true God was therefore born in the complete and perfect nature of a true man, whole in his own nature, whole in ours. By our nature we mean what the Creator had fashioned in us from the beginning, and took to himself in order to restore it.

For in the Savior there was no trace of what the deceiver introduced and man, being misled, allowed to enter. It does not follow that because he submitted to sharing in our human weakness he therefore shared in our sins.

He took the nature of a servant without stain of sin, enlarging our humanity without diminishing his divinity. He emptied himself; though invisible he made himself visible, though Creator and Lord of all things he chose to be one of us mortal men. Yet this was the condescension of compassion, not the loss of omnipotence. So he who in the nature of God had created man, became in the nature of a servant, man himself.

Thus the Son of God enters this lowly world. He comes down from the throne of heaven, yet does not separate himself from the Father’s glory. He is born in a new condition, by a new birth.

He was born in a new condition, for, invisible in his own nature, he became visible in ours. Beyond our grasp, he chose to come within our grasp. Existing before time began, he began to exist at a moment in time. Lord of the universe, he hid his infinite glory and took the nature of a servant. Incapable of suffering as God, he did not refuse to be a man, capable of suffering. Immortal, he chose to be subject to the laws of death.

He who is true God is also true man. There is no falsehood in this unity as long as the lowliness of man and the pre-eminence of God coexist in mutual relationship.

As God does not change by his condescension, so man is not swallowed up by being exalted. Each nature exercises its own activity, in communion with the other. The Word does what is proper to the Word, the flesh fulfils what is proper to the flesh.

One nature is resplendent with miracles, the other falls victim to injuries. As the Word does not lose equality with the Father’s glory, so the flesh does not leave behind the nature of our race.

One and the same person — this must be said over and over again — is truly the Son of God and truly the son of man. He is God in virtue of the fact that in the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He is man in virtue of the fact that the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us.

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🕶 JcGreg AdPlugIT

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FAO Report: Achieving Zero Hunger Requires “Major Overhaul” of Global Food Systems


In discussing each trend, the authors highlight interlinkages with other trends. For example, on agricultural productivity and innovation, the study shows that despite remarkable progress in agricultural technology, the rate of yield increases is declining because of climate change impacts.
The current rate of growth may not be sufficient to meet the demands of a growing world population. Therefore, agricultural research and development must be combined with resource conservation and adaptation practices such as climate-smart agriculture.
Read more.

https://remarkeet.com/blog/blog/2017/02/24/achieving-zero-hunger/

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Solar Powered Rice Farm Irrigation 10X Cheaper than Diesel Pump

Doing away with fuel cost through solar powered irrigation system. No operational cost, almost zero maintenance, 20 years solar panel lifespan, clean, green, and drought free. Over the long run, solar powered irrigation system is 10X cheaper than diesel powered pumps.

Up to 15HP, 98 Mtrs max. well depth, max. 60 Cu.Mtrs max flowrate, 6 inches max. well pipe dia. 
https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/01/22/solar-powered-farm-pumps/

We supply, integrate, do turnkey project on solar powered pumping for domestic and agricultural irrigation.

COST AND RELIABILITY COMPARISON BETWEEN SOLAR AND DIESEL POWERED PUMPS 
https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/02/14/a-cost-and-reliability-comparison-between%e2%80%a8solar-and-diesel-powered-pumps/

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

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How A Mother of 8 Keeps Her House Clean



Pick one main living area that is a Stuff-Free Zone.

I LOVE this one! I do not try to keep my entire home clean. Repeat: I do NOT try to keep my entire home clean, but I love having an area that no one – no one! – is allowed to dump their junk, school papers, etc. or they will pay dearly (I’m not as mean as I sound, but you get the idea).
There are many benefits to this approach, but one is that I can go to this room when I’m overwhelmed with the state of the rest of the house and recover my peace. Another important benefit is if people drop by unexpectedly (which happens surprisingly often!), I can at least – somewhat confidently – invite them to this room.

Read the rest of the article.

http://club31women.com/the-inside-scoop-how-a-mother-of-8-keeps-her-house-clean-or-at-least-tidy/
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🕶 JcGreg AdPlugIT

SCADA. FDAS. BMS. HMI. FMS. DCS. PLC. PAC. DCS. RTU. SMS. When you need experience and expertise on System Integration.

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Differences Between SCADA and HMI


SCADA vs HMI

In large industrial structures, it is impractical or even impossible to control the individual parts of the system because, in most installations, the parts are often located very far from each other. Thus the need arises to monitor and control them with SCADA and HMI. The main difference between SCADA and HMI is their scope. HMI is actually just a part of the larger SCADA system. Without SCADA, the HMI would be pretty much useless.

“SCADA” stands for “Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition,” which is an integrated system that is used to control and monitor the workings of the individual parts of the plant. The SCADA often controls pumps, fans, and other machinery along with their other characteristics. The controlling mechanisms are electronic circuits known as programmable logic circuits or PLCs. The PLC controls the machine as well as polls the sensors for data. The data is then sent to the control room. In the control room, the operator needs to make sense of the data as well as issue commands like turning the machines on or off. This is where the HMI, or Human Machine Interface, comes in. The HMI is usually a graphical layout of the entire system with gauges, lights, and controls situated in the corresponding locations of the machines. The gauges show the normal range of operation as well as the abnormal range so that the operator knows if the equipment is within the accepted operating range. The lights may indicate if the machine is working or not, as well as the occurrence of faults. The controls send the instructions to the PLC, which in turn control the machine.

 

The SCADA is the entirety of the system that controls and monitors the operations of a plant. But in general operation, most of its parts are not really to be dealt with on a regular basis. The majority of the time, only the HMI is visible and interacted with. This makes people think that SCADA and HMI are the same or are different implementations of the same system, when one is just an integral part of the other.

Summary:

The HMI is just a part of the SCADA.

SCADA is a complete control system while the HMI is what the human operator works with.

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http://jcgregsolutions.weebly.com/blogs/working-on-the-scada-system-of-a-50mw-solar-power-plant-in-tarlac

System Integration. SCADA. FDAS. HMI. FMS. PLC. PAC. DCS. RTU. SMS

We have done above subject for high rise and commercial building BMS and FDAS. Industrial HMI and Automation. Marine vessel instrumentation. Wind, Solar, and Biomass Power Plant local and remote SCADA- generation capacity of 12KW to 50MW.

You may be looking for a System Integrator (SI). We offer our experience and expertise.

Looking forward to serve you.

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

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Difference Between PLC and RTU


by http://www.differencebetween.net

PLC vs RTU
PLCs and RTUs are both electronic devices; their functionalities overlap with each other. RTCs are sold with PLC-like features, and PLCs are sold with RTC-like features. Many vendors sell proprietary alternatives and different associated environments to run these programs since the industry made the functional language running RTUs and PLCs standard.

RTU
“RTU” stands for “Remote Terminal Units.” They are also referred to as “Remote Telemetry Units.” An RTU is an electronic device which is controlled by a microprocessor. The main function of an RTU is to interface the SCADA to the objects present physically. “SCADA” stands for “supervisory control and data acquisition.” The interface between objects and SCADA takes place by using supervisory system messages to control all the objects connected and by transmitting to the system all the telemetry data.

The RTU does not support control loops and control algorithms. The functionality of RTUs and PLCs has started overlapping because of cheaper hardware, and thus the industry standardized the language for programs on which RTUs run. IEC 61131-3 has been standardized.

It is different from a PLC because it is considered more suitable as it uses wireless communication and is suited to a wider geographical telemetry whereas PLCs are better with local controls, for example, production lines or plants, etc. In plants and production lines, the system is more based on physical media. IEC 61131-3 is used more by PLCs, and RTUs use other proprietary tools.

PLC
“PLC” stands for “programmable logic controller.” PLCs are digital computers. They are used mainly for automating the electromechanical processes, for example, assembly lines in factories, light fixtures, amusement rides, etc. They are specially designed for output arrangements and multiple inputs. They have electrical noise immunity, vibration and impact resistance, varied temperature ranges, etc.

Some of the functions of PLCs are; process control, relay control, motion control, networking, etc. They have started matching the desktop computers in storing, processing, communicating, and handling data.

Summary:

“RTU” stands for “Remote Terminal Units.” It is also referred to as “Remote Telemetry Unit”; “PLC” stands for “programmable logic controller.”

RTUs are considered more suitable for wider geographical telemetry, the reason being that RTUs use wireless communication; PLCs are more suitable for local control, for example, for assembly lines in factories, light fixtures, amusement rides, etc. PLCs are specially designed for output arrangements and multiple inputs. They have electrical noise immunity, vibration and impact resistance, varied temperature ranges, etc.

IEC 61131-3 is used more by PLCs, and RTUs use other alternative proprietary tools.

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🕶 JcGreg AdPlugIT


http://jcgregsolutions.weebly.com/blogs/working-on-the-scada-system-of-a-50mw-solar-power-plant-in-tarlac

System Integration. SCADA. FDAS. HMI. FMS. PLC. PAC. DCS. RTU. SMS

We have done above subject for high rise and commercial building BMS and FDAS. Industrial HMI and Automation. Marine vessel instrumentation. Wind, Solar, and Biomass Power Plant local and remote SCADA- generation capacity of 12KW to 50MW.

You may be looking for a System Integrator (SI). We offer our experience and expertise.

Looking forward to serve you.

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/07/31/over-and-above-scada-bms-fdas-hmi/

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Biogas Power Feed System



Reliable Partner for your Biogas Power Plant Business

PlanET Biogas underlines its continuous market activities and strengthens its market position after the commissioning of two recently accomplished biogas plants. Sixteen anaerobic digestion (AD) plants are already successfully running in the UK, the 17th is about to start operation in Cardigan, Wales to form one of the 20 projects, realised by PlanET by the end of 2016.  
PlanET GmbH installed and commissioned over 400 biogas power plants in Germany and all over the world.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/02/10/reliable-partner-for-biogas-business/

We do local turnkey biogas power plant projects. We offer expertise and experience of one of the top ten biogas engineering company in the world coupled with InSpecIT local System Integration solid track record.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/07/31/over-and-above-scada-bms-fdas-hmi/

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/10/17/a-short-history-of-anaerobic-digestion/

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/07/31/over-and-above-scada-bms-fdas-hmi/

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