The Next Migrant Wave


MANILA – Imagine that you are a farmer. Your crops are withering as weather patterns become more volatile, your well water is too salty to drink, and rice is too expensive to buy at the market. So, you leave home in search of a better life.

Millions of people in vulnerable communities around the world do not have to imagine such a scenario. They are living it now, as an increasingly unpredictable climate takes its toll; and their numbers are likely to soar as the effects of climate change intensify.

Read more.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/climate-change-migration-refugees-by-stephen-groff-2016-12

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Solar Powered Water Pumping System.

A solution to drought. A mean to attain operational cost free irrigation of farm lands.
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Jess C. Gregorio

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How Light Emitting Diodes Work – What is a Diode?


BY TOM HARRIS & WESLEY FENLON

At the junction, free electrons from the N-type material fill holes from the P-type material. This creates an insulating layer in the middle of the diode called the depletion zone.

When the negative end of the circuit is hooked up to the N-type layer and the positive end is hooked up to P-type layer, electrons and holes start moving and the depletion zone disappears.

When the positive end of the circuit is hooked up to the N-type layer and the negative end is hooked up to the P-type layer, free electrons collect on one end of the diode and holes collect on the other. The depletion zone gets bigger.
A diode is the simplest sort of semiconductor device. Broadly speaking, a semiconductor is a material with a varying ability to conduct electrical current. Most semiconductors are made of a poor conductor that has had impurities (atoms of another material) added to it. The process of adding impurities is called doping.

In the case of LEDs, the conductor material is typically aluminum-gallium-arsenide (AlGaAs). In pure aluminum-gallium-arsenide, all of the atoms bond perfectly to their neighbors, leaving no free electrons (negatively charged particles) to conduct electric current. In doped material, additional atoms change the balance, either adding free electrons or creating holes where electrons can go. Either of these alterations make the material more conductive.

At the junction, free electrons from the N-type material fill holes from the P-type material. This creates an insulating layer in the middle of the diode called the depletion zone.

A semiconductor with extra electrons is called N-type material, since it has extra negatively charged particles. In N-type material, free electrons move from a negatively charged area to a positively charged area.

A semiconductor with extra holes is called P-type material, since it effectively has extra positively charged particles. Electrons can jump from hole to hole, moving from a negatively charged area to a positively charged area. As a result, the holes themselves appear to move from a positively charged area to a negatively charged area.

A diode consists of a section of N-type material bonded to a section of P-type material, with electrodes on each end. This arrangement conducts electricity in only one direction. When no voltage is applied to the diode, electrons from the N-type material fill holes from the P-type material along the junction between the layers, forming a depletion zone. In a depletion zone, the semiconductor material is returned to its original insulating state — all of the holes are filled, so there are no free electrons or empty spaces for electrons, and charge can’t flow.

To get rid of the depletion zone, you have to get electrons moving from the N-type area to the P-type area and holes moving in the reverse direction. To do this, you connect the N-type side of the diode to the negative end of a circuit and the P-type side to the positive end. The free electrons in the N-type material are repelled by the negative electrode and drawn to the positive electrode. The holes in the P-type material move the other way. When the voltage difference between the electrodes is high enough, the electrons in the depletion zone are boosted out of their holes and begin moving freely again. The depletion zone disappears, and charge moves across the diode.

If you try to run current the other way, with the P-type side connected to the negative end of the circuit and the N-type side connected to the positive end, current will not flow. The negative electrons in the N-type material are attracted to the positive electrode. The positive holes in the P-type material are attracted to the negative electrode. No current flows across the junction because the holes and the electrons are each moving in the wrong direction. The depletion zone increases. (See How Semiconductors Work for more information on the entire process.)

The interaction between electrons and holes in this setup has an interesting side effect — it generates light! In the next issie, we’ll find out exactly why this is.

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Best Regards,

Jess C. Gregorio

Sales & Marketing

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

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HMIs Adapt to Reality on the Plant Floor


TwinCAT HMI software scales the display according to the device. Image courtesy of Beckhoff Automation.
Modern HMIs can offer easy-to-understand graphics, better event response and improved visibility throughout all levels of an enterprise. That leaves industrial plants with big decisions about how to leverage their HMI systems to boost productivity and uptime in the age of mobility, big data and the Industrial Internet of Things.

Read more.

http://insights.globalspec.com/article/2521/hmis-adapt-to-reality-on-the-plant-floor

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Monitoring and Control System Integration
We integrate, program and do customization of the following- SCADA. FDAS. HMI. FMS. PLC. PAC. DCS. RTU. SMS.
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Jess C. Gregorio

Sales & Marketing

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com
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Trigeneration improving energy efficiency in Africa



In summary gas engine based trigeneration is a proven, successful technology internationally for delivering cost and carbon savings. Currently gas supplies are restricted to certain parts of the African continent but as this availability grows the potential to use trigeneration technology will increase further. Growing industries, particularly in the data centre sector provide the most exciting opportunities.

Read more.

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/trigeneration-improving-energy-efficiency-africa-alexander-marshall

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Waste to Energy Biogas Power Plant

We all know that organic waste would rot and smell. More so with livestock businesses. Residual waste for agro industrials. On a grand scale would be MSW organics that create stench and harmful leachates on our landfills.

This can easily be turned into resources.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/waste-to-energy-biogas-power-plant/

For Inquiries and Request for Quotation, email me:

Jess C. Gregorio

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‪j.gregorio@planet-biogas.com‬

http://en.planet-biogas.com/

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How Light Emitting Diodes Work


BY TOM HARRIS & WESLEY FENLON

Though they often come in tiny packages, light emitting diodes produce a large amount of light and are used in an ever-growing list of technologies. See more electronic parts pictures. ©ISTOCKPHOTO.COM/JAMERSONG
Light emitting diodes, commonly called LEDs, are real unsung heroes in the electronics world. They do dozens of different jobs and are found in all kinds of devices. Among other things, they form numbers on digital clocks, transmit information from remote controls, light up watches and tell you when your appliances are turned on. Collected together, they can form images on a jumbo television screen or illuminate a traffic light.
 

Basically, LEDs are just tiny light bulbs that fit easily into an electrical circuit. But unlike ordinary incandescent bulbs, they don’t have a filament that will burn out, and they don’t get especially hot. They are illuminated solely by the movement of electrons in a semiconductor material, and they last just as long as a standard transistor. The lifespan of an LED surpasses the short life of an incandescent bulb by thousands of hours. Tiny LEDs are already replacing the tubes that light up LCD HDTVs to make dramatically thinner televisions.

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LED Lights Retrofitting Cost Saving Project

Want to replace all your building, factory, mall, and estates lights to LED but short of investment or doesn’t know how to start?

We can help.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/led-lights-retrofitting-cost-saving-project/

For Inquiry and Proposal Requests, email me at: gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Best Regards,

Jess C. Gregorio

Sales & Marketing

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

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Corrosion in Steam and Condensate Piping


Corrosion in pipes can advance into the interior parts of the metal over time, which may lead to pipe thinning and eventually pipe failure if left untreated. Furthermore, corrosion by-products are often carried downstream in piping, which can contaminate the fluid, cause the erosion and further corrosion of piping, and clog valve orifices.

Read more.

http://www.tlv.com/global/TI/steam-theory/corrosion.html

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Steam System Internal Corrosion

Why shutdown for descaling when you can protect your steam system while it is in operation?

There is nothing like increased productivity with no downtime to consider.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2015/03/19/preservation-of-boilers-and-turbines-with-the-surface-active-substance/

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Driving Leads. Adding Sales.
View story at Medium.com

PLC Manual. Basic Guide to PLCs.


Everything you need to know about Programmable Logic Controller.  An industry standard online reference publication.

Read more.

http://www.plcmanual.com/

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Monitoring and Control System Integration.

We integrate, program and do customization of the following- SCADA. FDAS. HMI. FMS. PLC. PAC. DCS. RTU. SMS.
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Best Regards,
Jess C. Gregorio

Sales & Marketing

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com
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Humans are changing the climate 170 times faster than nature: study


In a scientific first, researchers have developed a mathematical equation to capture mankind’s impact on Earth — finding that humans are causing the climate to change 170 times faster than natural forces.

The Australian National University announced the discovery on Sunday, claiming evidence shows human-caused greenhouse gas emission during the past 45 years has increased the rate of temperature rise to 1.7 degree Celsius per century, “dwarfing the natural background rate,” according to Will Steffen, a climate change expert and ANU professor.

Read more.

https://cdn.ampproject.org/c/nypost.com/2017/02/13/humans-are-changing-the-climate-170-times-faster-than-nature-study/amp/

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Waste to Energy Biogas Power Plant

We all know that organic waste would rot and smell. More so with livestock businesses. Residual waste for agro industrials. On a grand scale would be MSW organics that create stench and harmful leachates on our landfills.

This can easily be turned into resources.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/waste-to-energy-biogas-power-plant/

For Inquiries and Request for Quotation, email me at:

Jess C. Gregorio

Affiliate Marketing and Project Lead Generation Manager for the Philippine Territory

‪j.gregorio@planet-biogas.com‬

http://en.planet-biogas.com/

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Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT)



Solar cells have a complex relationship between temperature and total resistance that produces a non-linear output efficiency which can be analyzed based on the I-V curve.[6][7] It is the purpose of the MPPT system to sample the output of the PV cells and apply the proper resistance (load) to obtain maximum power for any given environmental conditions.[8] MPPT devices are typically integrated into an electric power converter system that provides voltage or current conversion, filtering, and regulation for driving various loads, including power grids, batteries, or motors.

Read more.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximum_power_point_tracking

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Solar Powered Water Pumping System.

A solution to drought. A mean to attain operational cost free irrigation of farm lands.

One time investment and that’s all. Have water with no pumping cost after it.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/solar-powered-water-pump-do-away-with-fuel-and-power-cost/

For Inquiry and Request for Quotation, email me at: gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Best Regards,

Jess C. Gregorio

Sales & Marketing

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

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San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

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Things to Consider When Buying LED Lighting


Source:  1000Bulbs

Things to Consider When Buying LED Lighting

Equivalent Wattage – While lumens are the new standard, it helps to have an easily recognizable guide. Comparing an LED bulb to an incandescent will give you a rough estimate of just how well it will light a room. As a very ballpark figure for LED wattages, 1/4 or 1/5 the incandescent wattage value is usually close to what you need.

Lumens – Lumens directly measure just how much light the bulb gives out in total. On average, a 60-watt incandescent shines at 800 lumens, with roughly 50-100 lumens of difference above or below. The variance depends on manufacturer and age of the lamp. LEDs are directly rated for their max lumen rating and last much longer without dimming of the bulb.

Color Temperature – Your guide to how the light itself will look. Lower values are warmer, with 2700-3000K being a more incandescent “warm white” while higher temperatures like 5000K will deliver a very harsh “stark white” light. Our Lighting Guide lets you select a color temperature and see how it transforms a kitchen.

Driver Content – Because of their design, LEDs do not typically run on AC voltage. Many LEDs require some form of driver to convert the voltage from AC to DC for proper operation. The majority of socket-based LED lamps are self-driven, but you should always check before buying to make sure that you buy both an LED and a driver at the same time if it isn’t self-driven.

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LED Lights Retrofitting Cost Saving Project

Want to replace all your building, factory, mall, and estates lights to LED but short of investment or doesn’t know how to start?

We can help.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/led-lights-retrofitting-cost-saving-project/

For Inquiry and Proposal Requests, email me at: gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Best Regards,

Jess C. Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

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