Rise of the Machines: Why Robots Will Transform Waste Sorting Methods


More than ever before will intelligent multitasking robotic systems enter waste-sorting facilities. By providing forward- thinking waste management companies numerous economical, social and process-related incentives, the robotic revolution is just behind the corner.

Comparable to other process industries, the robotic recycling revolution is driven most importantly by money. Or, as in this case, significant cost savings generated by process efficiency and new revenue streams from high-purity recyclables that are now more diverse, thanks to unique recognition capabilities made possible by artificial intelligence.

In short, intelligent robotic waste sorting systems are autonomous, multitasking, learning and scalable systems that can operate tirelessly 24/7.

Moving away from fixed-function machinery

Along with tightening regulation for recycling and tough market conditions, waste management companies have their work cut out for them. Traditionally, waste sorting is based on dimensions.

An object’s size, weight or density defines where it lands in the end. Waste processing machines are fixed-function appliances that are designed for a specific task. There have been limited technical alternatives for sorting waste by shape, material or color, which explains the common practice of manual sorting, as only people have been able to sort objects based on characteristics.

Today, machine vision and exceptional recognition capabilities allow the robots to take over.

Just like people, intelligent robots can sort multiple materials on one spot. A single robotic unit can process a mixed waste stream, turning waste into valuable high-quality recyclables. The plant operator can with his mobile device switch the sorting task on the fly. Thanks to a flexible gripper, the robot can handle objects of various shapes and sizes, eliminating the need to resize the waste before processing, allowing savings in processing costs.

Multi-purpose robotic systems can be used to complement existing facilities or they can be set up as stand- alone sorting units. As robots require little pre-processing of waste, they can be set up in light scalable units, eliminating the need for complex processes and energy-intensive machinery.

Low energy consumption and autonomous operation allow long operating hours and high capital efficiency. As a result, waste can be processed faster and closer to the source, decreasing the costs involved in transport and storage.

Read the full article. Click here.

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We can fix your waste problem. Make it a profit oriented sector.

We do biogas plant construction. Power and waste treatment solutions for any kind of organic waste.

Small and compact automated anaerobic digester

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2018/11/24/the-compact-planet-biogas-power-plant-that-you-need/

Medium to large automated digester tank farm system, 100 to 2MWH power generation.

http://en.planet-biogas.com/references/

Large to super large lagoon type mixed and automated anaerobic digestion systems, 200 to 22MW power generation.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2019/07/23/anaerobic-treatment-of-ethanol-effluent/

Reference Biogas Plant in the Philippines:

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2018/09/28/a-chicken-layer-and-hog-farm-that-does-not-smell-at-all-generates-own-power-too/

We’ve done over 400+ biogas plant around the world.

We do Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) for W2E of 500KWe (and above) from waste conversion. We can assess, validate, verify project sustainability and feasibility, design a matched system for your kind and quantity of substrate, and offer a corresponding solid or liquid waste tank or lagoon based biogas or biomethane plant. Email us your interest on this regard. We will send you a preliminary questionnaire that you need to fill up for us to qualify potential benefits.

Looking forward to transform your waste into profit.

Jess C. Gregorio

Philippine Sales Manager

PlanET Biogas Global GmbH

Email: j.gregorio@planet-biogas.com

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Website: http://en.planet-biogas.com/

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Processing Biomass Into Biogas


Organic Compounds Breaking Down into Biogas

The process of producing methane from manure is fairly straight forward – seal manure in an airtight container at a favorable temperature and it will break down into biogas: a mixture of Methane (CH4), Carbon dioxide (CO2), and trace amounts of other gases. Behind the apparent simplicity, though, lie complicated interactions involving several communities of microorganisms.

The Bioconversion Process (How Microbes Turn Organic Materials into Fuel)

Anaerobic digestion is a multi-stage process involving two to four steps, depending on where you want to draw lines in the process.

* Hydrolysis is the phase of anaerobic digestion where complex organic molecules are broken down into simpler organic molecules.

* Acidogenisis is where simple organic molecules are converted into fatty acids.

* Acetogenisis is where fatty acids are converted into acetate. This, along with acidogenisis, represents the transition from simple organic molecules to the methanogenic substrates.

* Methanogenisis is where molecules that have been converted into a suitable food source (or substrate) for methanogenic microorganisms are converted into methane by those organisms.

Steps in anaerobic digestion

More than 100 different anaerobic microbes are known to contribute to the production of biogas. These microbes are organized into a number of interlinked communities. Communities of hydrolytic bacteria break complex organic matter down to simpler compounds. Acid-forming bacteria convert the simple compounds to volatile fatty acids – principally acetic acid (vinegar). Hydrolysis and acidogenisis are commonly lumped together and called anaerobic fermentation. Some microbiologists also distinguish between formation of mixed volatile fatty acids (acidosis) and reduction to Acetic acid (acetogenesis).

Major pathways of methane (CH4) formation

Methane forming Archaeans (very simple, single cell organisms similar to bacteria), called methanogens, take the end products of fermentation – volatile fatty acids, hydrogen gas (H2), CO2, and water (H2O) – and use them to form methane. Methanogens fall into two main camps depending on the pathway they use to produce methane (Figure 2). All methanogens can reduce CO2 and H2 into CH4 and H2O; those that use this pathway exclusively are called hydrotrophic methanogens. Methanogens that convert volatile fatty acids (and a number of other simple organic compounds) to CH4 and CO2 are called acetotrophic methanogens.

Limitations on Biological Processes

Anaerobic digestion is a living process, and like all biological communities, the microorganisms that carry out anaerobic fermentation and methanogensis do so under certain operating conditions.

Phases of Microbial Community Growth

Given an ample food supply, sufficient room to expand, the absence of predators or competing organisms, all communities of organisms – be they methanogens or human beings. The Lag Time occurs as the organisms acclimate to their environment.

Generalized microbial growth curve

* During the Growth Phase, food is not limiting, and population expands rapidly. Sometimes the Growth phase is called the Log Growth or Exponential Growth phase because the growth pattern follows an exponential curve. *Population growth slows down in the Decline Phase as the organisms meet the limit of their food supply.

* During the Stationary Phase, the community has met the limits of its food supply. Bear in mind that reproduction does not necessarily stop during the decline and stationary phases, only that the death rate approaches the reproduction rate. In some cases the community becomes dormant or goes into hibernation during the Stationary phase.

* Communities enter a Death or Endogenous Growth phase once a limited food supply is exhausted or an inhibiting element limits the further growth of organisms. During Endogenous Growth, the death rate exceeds the birth rate.

The inhibitory elements that cause endogenous growth are often the end products of a community’s metabolism.

The beauty of anaerobic digestion is that it is the work of a mixed community of organisms. The toxic end product of one community is the food supply of another. Acid forming bacteria consume the simple sugars that might inhibit hydrolytic communities. Methanogens use the acids formed in fermentation to produce CH4 and CO2. And in the end, CH4 and CO2 leave the digester as biogas.

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https://www.bloglovin.com/@gregoriojess/kinetic-hydro-turbines

We can fix your waste problem. Make it a profit oriented sector.

We do biogas plant construction. Power and waste treatment solutions for any kind of organic waste.

Small and compact automated anaerobic digester

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2018/11/24/the-compact-planet-biogas-power-plant-that-you-need/

Medium to large automated digester tank farm system, 100 to 2MWH power generation.

http://en.planet-biogas.com/references/

Large to super large lagoon type mixed and automated anaerobic digestion systems, 200 to 22MW power generation.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2019/07/23/anaerobic-treatment-of-ethanol-effluent/

Reference Biogas Plant in the Philippines:

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2018/09/28/a-chicken-layer-and-hog-farm-that-does-not-smell-at-all-generates-own-power-too/

We’ve done over 400+ biogas plant around the world.

We do Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) for W2E of 500KWe (and above) from waste conversion. We can assess, validate, verify project sustainability and feasibility, design a matched system for your kind and quantity of substrate, and offer a corresponding solid or liquid waste tank or lagoon based biogas or biomethane plant. Email us your interest on this regard. We will send you a preliminary questionnaire that you need to fill up for us to qualify potential benefits.

Looking forward to transform your waste into profit.

Jess C. Gregorio

Philippine Sales Manager

PlanET Biogas Global GmbH

Email: j.gregorio@planet-biogas.com

Email: gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Website: http://en.planet-biogas.com/

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https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2018/01/14/on-scada-and-gateway-rtus

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https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/12/08/farm-based-biodiesel-manufacturing/

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