LEDs or Fluorescents – Which is More Efficient?


* Curated Information from 1000Bulbs

LED light bulbs for the win! When it comes to purchasing energy-efficient lighting, LEDs surpass CFLs by a wide margin. LEDs are instant-start with no warmup time needed. They work well in cold weather, and are substantially more durable since manufactured out of plastic instead of glass. From standard bulbs to fluorescent tubes, LEDs can replicate the same lighting conditions found in fluorescents while lasting longer and using less energy. As an added bonus, all LEDs are RoHS compliant and do not use mercury, a claim that can’t be made by fluorescent bulbs.

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LED Lights Retrofitting Cost Saving Project

Let us save you lighting power cost by retrofitting all your existing lights with LED.   

We are open to a direct deal financing (no middleman or broker) with private buildings, malls, factories, industrial estates, poultry farms, and residential subdivisions (street lighting). Payment is on the cost saving attained monthly.

Check it out.
https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/led-lights-retrofitting-cost-saving-project/

Wonder if you wanted the more than 50% LED can save you in lighting power cost but can’t start because of the high upfront cost of such project?

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Solar pumps to be installed in 151 schools in Koraput district


* Curated information. Flashback story on solar pumps.

KORAPUT (ODISHA): In a bid to help students draw water from tubewells without manual operation, the administration in Koraput district has decided to introduce solar energy powered pumps in 151 residential schools for SC and ST students and 50 high schools. 

Read more.

http://m.economictimes.com/news/india-unlimited/24×7-power/Solar-pumps-to-be-installed-in-151-schools-in-Koraput-district/articleshow/48743364.cms

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Solar Powered Water Pumping System.

We integrate solar pump system for domestic water usage or crop irrigation. Turnkey systems up to 15HP, 98 Mtrs max. well depth, max. 60 Cu.Mtrs max flowrate, 6 inches max. well pipe dia. 

Check it out.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/solar-powered-water-pump-do-away-with-fuel-and-power-cost/

Wonder if you need a solar pump system? 

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

City of Sydney unveils plan to turn household food scraps into biogas


* Curated Information

YOUR food scraps could soon be used to power your house under a plan by the City of Sydney to transform rubbish into biogas.

Following Lord Mayor Clover Moore’s attendance at the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group conference in Mexico in December, the council is exploring options for improving the power potential of waste.

As part of work on its draft waste strategy, the City commissioned an international benchmarking study on organic waste collection in cities around the world, including New York, San Francisco, Seattle, Toronto and Milan.

Read more.

http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/newslocal/central-sydney/city-of-sydney-unveils-plan-to-turn-household-food-scraps-into-biogas/news-story/2f47a71117c711ea3eafdd380e52ab93

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Waste to Energy Biogas Power Plant

We do turnkey biogas power plant projects. We are open to financing a a direct deal business with privately owned agricultural or livestock farm on a minimum of 2MW generation capacity or a multiple/clustered biogas power plant construction projects on different location.

We have designed, built, and commissioned more than 400 biogas power plants everywhere in the world.

Check it out.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/waste-to-energy-biogas-power-plant/

Wonder if you can make use of a biogas power plant to turn your organic waste into resources?

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

PLC Communication II


* Curated information from The PLC Manual

START/STOP Bits

start bit. This is a synchronizing bit added just before each character we are sending. This is considered a SPACE or negative voltage or a 0.

stop bit. This bit tells us that the last character was just sent.
This is considered a MARK or positive voltage or a 1.

Parity bit

Parity bit is added to check whether corruption has occurred. Common forms of parity are: None, Even, and Odd. During transmission, the sender calculates the parity bit and sends it. The receiver calculates parity for the character and compares the result to the parity bit received. If the calculated and real parity bits don’t match, an error occurred and we act appropriately.

Baud rate

it is the number of bits per second that are being transmitted or received. Common values (speeds) are 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, and 38400.

RS232 data format

RS232 data format (baud rate-data bitsparity-stop bits). 9600-8-N-1 means a baud rate of 9600, 8 data bits, parity of None, and 1 stop bit.

Software handshaking

Software handshaking (flow control) is used to make sure both devices are ready to send/receive data. The most popular “character flow control” is called XON/XOFF. The receiver sends the XOFF character when it wants the transmitter to pause sending data. When it’s ready to receive data again, it sends the transmitter the XON character.

STX & ETX

Sometimes an STX and ETX pair is used for transmission/reception as well. STX is “start of text” and ETX is “end of text”. The STX is sent before the data and tells the external device that data is coming. After all the data has been sent, an ETX character is sent.

ACK / NAK Pair

The transmitter sends its data. If the receiver gets it without error, it sends back an ACK character. If there was an error, the receiver sends back a NAK character and the transmitter resends the data.

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The SCADA Advantage. Industrial and Commercial Real-time Data Monitoring for any Business Operation.

SCADA = Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition

We do design, programming, and system integration of local-to-remote-real-time data monitoring and control. Just orient us what you do and what you think is important, we will do the rest.

Integrate and customize the following- SCADA. FDAS. HMI. FMS. PLC. PAC. DCS. RTU. SMS.

Check it out.
https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/scada-leverage-real-time-monitoring-wherever-you-are/

Wonder if you need the above mentioned offered leverage?

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Benefits of LED Lighting


* Curated information from 1000Bulbs

LED light bulbs can save you money not only because they are roughly 80% more energy efficient than other bulbs, they also produce far less heat than metal halides, CFLs, and incandescent light bulbs. Upgrading to LED lighting means you won’t spend your summer months cooling down rooms that your light bulbs are busy heating up. While originally a cooler blue tone than incandescent bulbs, LEDs now come in daylight and warm white color temperatures so you can more easily replace your existing bulbs without altering the color of your room.  LED lighting also offers a superior color rendering index (CRI), so you can see the colors of your artwork or makeup more accurately.

LED replacement bulbs are durable and ecologically friendly. Did you know you can recycle LED bulbs and reduce your carbon footprint up to one third? LEDs outlast the competition, staying bright for up to 11 years of continuous operation. This means less time climbing ladders trying to replace those hard to reach bulbs in vaulted ceilings.

LEDs are one of today’s most promising technologies.

No mercury, making them a cleaner alternative to fluorescent and CFL lamps.
The lowest energy consumption of any lighting product to date.
Light quality equal or superior to traditional lighting products.
Life that is 20 times than some traditional lighting products.

*******

LED Lights Retrofitting Cost Saving Project

Let us save you lighting power cost by retrofitting all your existing lights with LED.   

We are open to a direct deal financing (no middleman or broker) with private buildings, malls, factories, industrial estates, poultry farms, and residential subdivisions (street lighting). Payment is on the cost saving attained monthly.

Check it out.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/led-lights-retrofitting-cost-saving-project/

Wonder if you wanted the more than 50% LED can save you in lighting power cost but can’t start because of the high upfront cost of such project?

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Maharashtra government stays decision to order solar pumps for farmers


* Curated information on the use of solar pump as solution to drought. Flashback story.
Government had earlier decided to distribute 10,000 solar pumps to 18 drought-affected districts of Marathwada, Vidarbha and western Maharashtra.

He added that Jain Irrigation has agreed to provide a service centre for every 500 solar pump beneficiaries and take responsibility of maintenance of solar panels and pumps. 

Read more.

http://m.economictimes.com/news/economy/agriculture/maharashtra-government-stays-decision-to-order-solar-pumps-for-farmers/articleshow/50464257.cms

*******

Solar Powered Water Pumping System.

We integrate solar pump system for domestic water usage or crop irrigation. Turnkey systems up to 15HP, 98 Mtrs max. well depth, max. 60 Cu.Mtrs max flowrate, 6 inches max. well pipe dia. 

Check it out.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/solar-powered-water-pump-do-away-with-fuel-and-power-cost/

Wonder if you need a solar pump system? 

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Youth-run organization in Cameroon turns poo to clean energy


* curated information on waste to energy

At a school in Cameroon’s largest city Douala, students learn how waste can be turned into a renewable source of energy.

The lessons are run by The Green Girls Project, a non-governmental organization in Cameroon that trains young women in technology.

Read more.

http://www.africanews.com/2017/02/24/youth-run-organization-in-cameroon-turns-poo-to-clean-energy/

*******

Waste to Energy Biogas Power Plant

We do turnkey biogas power plant projects. We are open to financing a a direct deal business with privately owned agricultural or livestock farm on a minimum of 2MW generation capacity or a multiple/clustered biogas power plant construction projects on different location.

We have designed, built, and commissioned more than 400 biogas power plants everywhere in the world.

Check it out.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/waste-to-energy-biogas-power-plant/

Wonder if you can make use of a biogas power plant to turn your organic waste into resources?

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

China Edges USA in Artificial Intelligence Research


* curated information

China has overtaken the United States to become the world leader in deep learning research, a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) inspired by the human brain.

Deep learning algorithms are modeled on biological neural networks and enable machines to learn and mimic human-like responses. They’re rapidly becoming part of everyday life. Think: smartphone assistants answering your questions, or Amazon recommending products based on your search and purchasing history.

Read more.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/11/china-is-now-the-world-leader-in-deep-learning-research-and-the-us-is-worried-about-it?utm_content=buffera4e43&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

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Solutions to Enhance, Renew, and Save.

System Integration

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/scada-leverage-real-time-monitoring-wherever-you-are/

Waste to Energy Biogas Power Plant

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/waste-to-energy-biogas-power-plant/

LED Lights Retrofitting

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/led-lights-retrofitting-cost-saving-project/

Solar Powered Water Pumping

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/solar-powered-water-pump-do-away-with-fuel-and-power-cost/

Browse JcGreg Flipboard Magazine

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Follow JcGreg WordPress Blogs

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PLC Communications


* curated information from The PLC Manual

PLC Communications

Extension modules

PLC I/O number can be increased through certain additional modules by system extension through extension lines. Each module can contain extension both of input and output lines.
Extension modules can have inputs and outputs of a different nature from those on the PLC controller. When there are many I/O located considerable distances away from the PLC an economic solution is to use I/O modules and use cables to connect these, over the long distances, to the PLC.

Remote I/O connections
When there are many I/O located considerable distances away from the PLC an economic solution is to use I/O modules and use cables to connect these, over the long distances, to the PLC.

Remote PLCs
In some situations a number of PLCs may be linked together with a master PLC unit sending and receiving I/O data from the other units.

Cables
Twisted-pair cabling, often routed through steel conduit. Coaxial cable enables higher data rates to be transmitted and does not require the shielding of steel conduit.

Fiber-optic cabling has the advantage of resistance to noise, small size and flexibility.

Parallel communication
Parallel communication is when all the constituent bits of a word are simultaneously transmitted along parallel cables. This allows data to be transmitted over short distances at high speeds. Might be used when connecting laboratory instruments to the system.

Parallel standards
The standard interface most commonly used for parallel communication is IEEE-488, and now termed as General Purpose Instrument Bus (GPIB).
Parallel data communications can take place between listeners , talkers , and controllers. There are 24 lines: 8 data (bidirectional), 5 status & control, 3 handshaking, and 8 ground lines.

Serial communication
Serial communication is when data is transmitted one bit at a time. A data word has to be separated into its constituent bits for transmission and then reassembled into the word when received. Serial communication is used for transmitting data over long distances. Might be used for the connection between a computer and a PLC.

Serial standards
RS-232 communications is the most popular method of plc to external device communications. RS 232 is a communication interface included under SCADA applications. Other standards such as RS422 and RS423 are similar to RS232 although they permit higher transmission rates and longer cable distances.

 There are 2 types of RS-232 devices:
DTE – Data Terminal Equipment and a common example is a computer.
DCE – Data Communications Equipment and a common example is a modem.
 PLC may be either a DTE or DCE device.

ASCII
ASCII is a human-readable to computer-readable translation code
(each letter/number is translated to 1’s and 0’s). It’s a 7-bit code, so we can translate 128 characters (2^7 is 128).

Protocols
It is necessary to exercise control of the flow of data between two devices so what constitutes the message, and how the communication is to be initiated and terminated, is defined. This is termed the protocol.
One device needs to indicate to the other to start or stop sending data.
Interconnecting several devices can present problems because of compatibility problems.
In order to facilitate communications between different devices the International Standard Organization (ISO) in 1979 devised a model to be used for standardization for Open System Interconnection (OSI).

*******

SCADA Advantage. Industrial and Commercial Real-time Monitoring Leverage

We do design, programming, and system integration of local-to-remote-real-time data monitoring and control. 

Integrate and customize the following- SCADA. FDAS. HMI. FMS. PLC. PAC. DCS. RTU. SMS.

Check it out.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/scada-leverage-real-time-monitoring-wherever-you-are/

Wonder if you need the above mentioned leverage in business?

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

Turbo Farm Tractor


Turbo Farm Tractor

https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=327500674293563&id=152574465119519&refsrc=https%3A%2F%2Fm.facebook.com%2FClassicUScars%2Fvideos%2F327500674293563%2F&_rdr

*******

Solutions to Enhance, Renew, and Save.

System Integration

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/scada-leverage-real-time-monitoring-wherever-you-are/

Waste to Energy Biogas Power Plant

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/waste-to-energy-biogas-power-plant/

LED Lights Retrofitting

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/led-lights-retrofitting-cost-saving-project/

Solar Powered Water Pumping

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/solar-powered-water-pump-do-away-with-fuel-and-power-cost/

Browse JcGreg Flipboard Magazine

https://flipboard.com/@JessGregorio?tab=magazines

Follow JcGreg WordPress Blogs

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/