Solar Pump Helps Herders Overcome Zimbabwe Drought


//curated information. flashback story on solar pumping solution.

Communities in one of the most drought-prone parts of Zimbabwe are ditching farming in favor of cattle raising with support from the United Nations and a local NGO.

Mathafeni village about 600 kilometers southwest of Harare is in one of the driest districts in Zimbabwe, but a solar-powered borehole pumps water into a trough where some cattle are drinking.

The borehole supplies water for a dip tank just a few meters away, which helps reduce the risk of waterborne disease.

Read more.
https://www.google.com.ph/amp/www.voanews.com/amp/3645502.html

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Up to 15HP, 98 Mtrs max. well depth, max. 60 Cu.Mtrs max flowrate, 6 inches max. well pipe dia. 

SOLAR POWERED RICE FARM IRRIGATION
https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/01/22/solar-powered-farm-pumps/

COST AND RELIABILITY COMPARISON BETWEEN SOLAR AND DIESEL POWERED PUMPS 
https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/02/14/a-cost-and-reliability-comparison-between%e2%80%a8solar-and-diesel-powered-pumps/

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

Email: gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/07/31/over-and-above-scada-bms-fdas-hmi/

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A Primer on Waste-to-Energy


//curated information.

By Salman Zafar

Waste-to-Energy is the use of modern combustion and biochemical technologies to recover energy, usually in the form of electricity and steam, from urban wastes. These new technologies can reduce the volume of the original waste by 90%, depending upon composition and use of outputs.

Energy is the driving force for development in all countries of the world. The increasing clamor for energy and satisfying it with a combination of conventional and renewable resources is a big challenge. Accompanying energy problems in different parts of the world, another problem that is assuming critical proportions is that of urban waste accumulation. The quantity of waste produced all over the world amounted to more than 12 billion tonnes in 2006, with estimates of up to 13 billion tonnes in 2011. The rapid increase in population coupled with changing lifestyle and consumption patterns is expected to result in an exponential increase in waste generation of upto 18 billion tonnes by year 2020.

Waste generation rates are affected by socio-economic development, degree of industrialization, and climate. Generally, the greater the economic prosperity and the higher percentage of urban population, the greater the amount of solid waste produced. Reduction in the volume and mass of solid waste is a crucial issue especially in the light of limited availability of final disposal sites in many parts of the world. Millions of tonnes of waste are generated each year with the vast majority disposed of in open fields or burnt wantonly.

The main categories of waste-to-energy technologies are physical technologies, which process waste to make it more useful as fuel; thermal technologies, which can yield heat, fuel oil, or syngas from both organic and inorganic wastes; and biological technologies, in which bacterial fermentation is used to digest organic wastes to yield fuel.

The three principal methods of thermochemical conversion are combustion in excess air, gasification in reduced air, and pyrolysis in the absence of air. The most common technique for producing both heat and electrical energy from wastes is direct combustion. Combined heat and power (CHP) or cogeneration systems, ranging from small-scale technology to large grid-connected facilities, provide significantly higher efficiencies than systems that only generate electricity.

Biochemical processes, like anaerobic digestion, can also produce clean energy in the form of biogas which can be converted to power and heat using a gas engine. In addition, wastes can also yield liquid fuels, such as cellulosic ethanol, which can be used to replace petroleum-based fuels. Cellulosic ethanol can be produced from grasses, wood chips and agricultural residues by biochemical route using heat, pressure, chemicals and enzymes to unlock the sugars in biomass wastes.

Waste-to-energy plants offer two important benefits of environmentally safe waste management and disposal, as well as the generation of clean electric power. The growing use of waste-to-energy as a method to dispose of solid and liquid wastes and generate power has greatly reduced environmental impacts of municipal solid waste management, including emissions of greenhouse gases.

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Biogas Frequently Asked Questions

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/12/18/biogas-faq/

Waste to Energy. What is holding you back?

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/10/23/waste-to-energy-what-is-holding-you/

History of Anaerobic Digestion

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/10/17/a-short-history-of-anaerobic-digestion/

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

Email: gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/07/31/over-and-above-scada-bms-fdas-hmi/

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Radical Change in Transportation: Hyperloop One Nears a Milestone


//curated information….

High-speed trains have been part of some landscapes for decades. Japan’s high-speed bullet trains traverse the country at speeds of up to 320 kilometers per hour, or about 200 miles per hour. In October 2016, a maglev (magnetic levitation) train in Japan established a world record for train travel, reaching a speed of 603 kph, or 374 mph on an experimental track in Yamanashi.

Such speeds in most of the rest of the world remain a dream. But an expected announcement could change the way people and freight move all and make those Japanese trains seem slow by comparison.

The future of transportation may well be a shuttle inside a vacuum-sealed tube, taking passengers and freight on trips of mere minutes, trips that now take several hours. That’s the goal of Hyperloop One, a Los Angeles-based startup.

Read more.

http://insights.globalspec.com/article/4414/radical-change-in-transportation-hyperloop-one-nears-a-milestone?frmtrk=cr4digest&cid=nl&et_rid=414818349&et_mid=83443555

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Know the 10 popular solar energy myths


//curated information…

Solar is relatively a new concept in the Indian homes. On one hand, people are excited about installing renewable source of energy at their roof top while on the other hand there are some myths and misconceptions in the mind of the Indian people which are stopping them in adopting solar as a new alternate source of energy. I have met & inquired people, about the use of solar energy, around the state and clear their misunderstanding about this energy source, made them aware about its benefits as the new alternate source of energy. I am going to summarize this post by clearing the myths and apprehensions about the solar energy.

Know what are these myths.

http://www.adityagreens.com/blog/10-popular-solar-energy-myths-busted

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We can do solar pumping system for domestic water usage or agricultural irrigation.

Up to 15HP, 98 Mtrs max. well depth, max. 60 Cu.Mtrs max flowrate, 6 inches max. well pipe dia. 

SOLAR POWERED RICE FARM IRRIGATION
https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/01/22/solar-powered-farm-pumps/

COST AND RELIABILITY COMPARISON BETWEEN SOLAR AND DIESEL POWERED PUMPS 
https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/02/14/a-cost-and-reliability-comparison-between%e2%80%a8solar-and-diesel-powered-pumps/

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

Email: gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/07/31/over-and-above-scada-bms-fdas-hmi/

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Microgrids Could Pave the Way for Future Energy Distribution


//curated information…

Microgrids are local energy grids the can disconnect from the traditional grid and operate autonomously. Microgrids have the ability to strengthen and reinforce the traditional grid because they can function even when the main grid is down and are optimal for integrating renewable sources of energy. However, energy storage technology accounts for the highest cost in developing a microgrid, yet is the least understood component and tends to be the most poorly integrated. If batteries and microgrids could interact at a higher efficiency, new possibilities could arise for the future of energy distribution.

Read more.

http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/670344/?sc=rssn&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+NewswiseScinews+%28Newswise%3A+SciNews%29

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SCADA. FDAS. HMI. FMS. PLC. PAC. DCS. RTU. SMS.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/06/30/working-on-the-scada-system-of-a-50mw-solar-power-plant-in-tarlac/

We can build you a local or remote real-time data monitoring system to jumpstart you to the 4th industrial revolution and IoT (Internet of Things).

We have done above subject for high rise/commercial building BMS and FDAS. Industrial HMI and Automation. Marine vessel instrumentation. Wind, Solar, and Biomass Power Plant SCADA in the range of 12KW up to 50MW. 

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/07/31/over-and-above-scada-bms-fdas-hmi/

Browse JcGreg Flipboard Magazine

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A Sharper Focus on the Edge


//curated information…

Not so long ago, when automation suppliers talked about the future of manufacturing, cloud computing was central to nearly every conversation. Though the cloud remains poised to play a significant role in manufacturing’s future, there is a great deal more attention being focused on edge computing today.

If you’re unsure about the difference between the two, here is a simplified explanation. Edge computing is the placement of servers or other computing devices—even a microcomputer—on or near a plant-floor device for data collection, analysis and storage. Cloud computing, on the other hand, involves sending plant-floor device data to an off-site server for storage and analysis. 

Read more. 

https://www.automationworld.com/all/sharper-focus-edge

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SCADA. FDAS. HMI. FMS. PLC. PAC. DCS. RTU. SMS.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/06/30/working-on-the-scada-system-of-a-50mw-solar-power-plant-in-tarlac/

We can build you a local or remote real-time data monitoring system to jumpstart you to the 4th industrial revolution and IoT (Internet of Things).

We have done above subject for high rise/commercial building BMS and FDAS. Industrial HMI and Automation. Marine vessel instrumentation. Wind, Solar, and Biomass Power Plant SCADA in the range of 12KW up to 50MW. 

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/07/31/over-and-above-scada-bms-fdas-hmi/

Browse JcGreg Flipboard Magazine

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Strong evidence linking obesity and major cancers found by new study


//curated information…

New research published by The BMJ on Tuesday has found strong evidence to support a link between obesity and major cancers.

Led by Maria Kyrgiou and Kostas Tsilidis from Imperial College London, the review identified 204 studies from 49 publications that analyzed obesity measurements such as body mass index (BMI), weight gain and waist circumference, along with 36 cancers and their subtypes.

Read the article.
https://www.dailystarph.com/strong-evidence-linking-obesity-and-major-cancers-found-by-new-study/

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Biomass as Energy Resources


//curated information…

By Salman Zafar

biomass_feedstockBiomass resources include plant and animal material such as wood from forests, material left over from agricultural and forestry processes, and organic industrial, human and animal wastes. The energy contained in biomass originally came from the sun. Through photosynthesis carbon dioxide in the air is transformed into other carbon containing molecules (e.g. sugars, starches and cellulose) in plants. The chemical energy that is stored in plants and animals (animals eat plants or other animals) or in their waste is called bio-energy. Biomass comes from a variety of sources which include:

Wood from natural forests and woodlands

Forestry plantations

Forestry residues

Agricultural residues such as straw, stover, cane trash and green agricultural wastes

Agro-industrial wastes, such as sugarcane bagasse and rice husk

Animal wastes

Industrial wastes, such as black liquor from paper manufacturing

Sewage

Municipal solid wastes (MSW)

Food processing wastes

Biomass energy projects provide major business opportunities, environmental benefits, and rural development. Feedstocks can be obtained from a wide array of sources without jeopardizing the food and feed supply, forests, and biodiversity in the world.

Agricultural Residues
Crop residues encompasses all agricultural wastes such as bagasse, straw, stem, stalk, leaves, husk, shell, peel, pulp, stubble, etc. Large quantities of crop residues are produced annually worldwide, and are vastly underutilised. Rice produces both straw and rice husks at the processing plant which can be conveniently and easily converted into energy. Significant quantities of biomass remain in the fields in the form of cob when maize is harvested which can be converted into energy. Sugar cane harvesting leads to harvest residues in the fields while processing produces fibrous bagasse, both of which are good sources of energy. Harvesting and processing of coconuts produces quantities of shell and fibre that can be utilized.

Current farming practice is usually to plough these residues back into the soil, or they are burnt, left to decompose, or grazed by cattle. These residues could be processed into liquid fuels or thermochemical processed to produce electricity and heat. Agricultural residues are characterized by seasonal availability and have characteristics that differ from other solid fuels such as wood, charcoal, char briquette. The main differences are the high content of volatile matter and lower density and burning time.

Animal Waste
There are a wide range of animal wastes that can be used as sources of biomass energy. The most common sources are animal and poultry manures. In the past this waste was recovered and sold as a fertilizer or simply spread onto agricultural land, but the introduction of tighter environmental controls on odour and water pollution means that some form of waste management is now required, which provides further incentives for waste-to-energy conversion.

The most attractive method of converting these waste materials to useful form is anaerobic digestion which gives biogas that can be used as a fuel for internal combustion engines, to generate electricity from small gas turbines, burnt directly for cooking, or for space and water heating.

Forestry Residues
Forestry residues are generated by operations such as thinning of plantations, clearing for logging roads, extracting stem-wood for pulp and timber, and natural attrition. Harvesting may occur as thinning in young stands, or cutting in older stands for timber or pulp that also yields tops and branches usable for biomass energy. Harvesting operations usually remove only 25 to 50 percent of the volume, leaving the residues available as biomass for energy.

Stands damaged by insects, disease or fire are additional sources of biomass. Forest residues normally have low density and fuel values that keep transport costs high, and so it is economical to reduce the biomass density in the forest itself.

Wood Wastes
Wood processing industries primarily include sawmilling, plywood, wood panel, furniture, building component, flooring, particle board, moulding, jointing and craft industries. Wood wastes generally are concentrated at the processing factories, e.g. plywood mills and sawmills. The amount of waste generated from wood processing industries varies from one type industry to another depending on the form of raw material and finished product.

Generally, the waste from wood industries such as saw millings and plywood, veneer and others are sawdust, off-cuts, trims and shavings. Sawdust arise from cutting, sizing, re-sawing, edging, while trims and shaving are the consequence of trimming and smoothing of wood. In general, processing of 1,000 kg of wood in the furniture industries will lead to waste generation of almost half (45 %), i.e. 450 kg of wood. Similarly, when processing 1,000 kg of wood in sawmill, the waste will amount to more than half (52 %), i.e. 520 kg wood.

Industrial Wastes
The food industry produces a large number of residues and by-products that can be used as biomass energy sources. These waste materials are generated from all sectors of the food industry with everything from meat production to confectionery producing waste that can be utilised as an energy source.

Solid wastes include peelings and scraps from fruit and vegetables, food that does not meet quality control standards, pulp and fibre from sugar and starch extraction, filter sludges and coffee grounds. These wastes are usually disposed of in landfill dumps.

Liquid wastes are generated by washing meat, fruit and vegetables, blanching fruit and vegetables, pre-cooking meats, poultry and fish, cleaning and processing operations as well as wine making.

These waste waters contain sugars, starches and other dissolved and solid organic matter. The potential exists for these industrial wastes to be anaerobically digested to produce biogas, or fermented to produce ethanol, and several commercial examples of waste-to-energy conversion already exist.

Pulp and paper industry is considered to be one of the highly polluting industries and consumes large amount of energy and water in various unit operations. The wastewater discharged by this industry is highly heterogeneous as it contains compounds from wood or other raw materials, processed chemicals as well as compound formed during processing. Black liquor can be judiciously utilized for production of biogas using anaerobic UASB technology.

Municipal Solid Wastes and Sewage
Millions of tonnes of household waste are collected each year with the vast majority disposed of in open fields. The biomass resource in MSW comprises the putrescibles, paper and plastic and averages 80% of the total MSW collected. Municipal solid waste can be converted into energy by direct combustion, or by natural anaerobic digestion in the engineered landfill. At the landfill sites the gas produced by the natural decomposition of MSW (approximately 50% methane and 50% carbon dioxide) is collected from the stored material and scrubbed and cleaned before feeding into internal combustion engines or gas turbines to generate heat and power. The organic fraction of MSW can be anaerobically stabilized in a high-rate digester to obtain biogas for electricity or steam generation.

Sewage is a source of biomass energy that is very similar to the other animal wastes. Energy can be extracted from sewage using anaerobic digestion to produce biogas. The sewage sludge that remains can be incinerated or undergo pyrolysis to produce more biogas.

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🕶Biogas Power AdPlugIT

Plan to make use of your MSW or agro-industrial organic waste to generate power or have W2E projects?

We do local turnkey biogas power plant projects. We can build what you envision with no less than the state-of-the-art technology that you will require.

Biogas Frequently Asked Questions

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/12/18/biogas-faq/

Waste to Energy. What is holding you back?

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/10/23/waste-to-energy-what-is-holding-you/

History of Anaerobic Digestion

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/10/17/a-short-history-of-anaerobic-digestion/

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

Email: gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/07/31/over-and-above-scada-bms-fdas-hmi/

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19 science-backed ways men can appear more attractive to women


//curated information…

Romantic attraction is a complicated thing that scientists still don’t completely understand.

But, through research and experimentation, they’ve come up with many ideas about what draws one person to another.

Below, Business Insider has rounded up some of the most compelling scientific insights about the traits and behaviors that make men more appealing to women.

http://www.businessinsider.com/science-backed-ways-men-can-attract-women-2017-3?utm_content=bufferdf24a&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer-ti

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India to use International Solar Alliance to push solar water pumps


//curated information. flashback story on solar water pumping…

NEW DELHI: India plans to use International Solar Alliance to popularise indigenously developed solar water pumps across the world, especially in emerging markets, a top official said. 

“Many countries are not even aware of solar pumps,” said Upendra Tripathy, secretary, ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE), who is also the chairperson of the interim administrative cell of International Solar Alliance (ISA), a joint initiative of India and France launched during the Paris climate conference last year to bring together 121 ‘sunshine’ countries to optimise solar power use. 

Read more.

http://m.economictimes.com/news/industry/energy/power/india-to-use-international-solar-alliance-to-push-solar-water-pumps/articleshow/52425963.cms

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🕶Solar Pump AdPlugIT

We can do solar pumping system for domestic water usage or agricultural irrigation.

Up to 15HP, 98 Mtrs max. well depth, max. 60 Cu.Mtrs max flowrate, 6 inches max. well pipe dia. 

SOLAR POWERED RICE FARM IRRIGATION
https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/01/22/solar-powered-farm-pumps/

COST AND RELIABILITY COMPARISON BETWEEN SOLAR AND DIESEL POWERED PUMPS 
https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2017/02/14/a-cost-and-reliability-comparison-between%e2%80%a8solar-and-diesel-powered-pumps/

Jess C.Gregorio

InSpecIT Inc.

Unit 719/722 City & Land Mega Plaza Bldg.

ADB Ave. cor. Garnet Road, Ortigas Center

San Antonio, Pasig City, Philippines 1605

Email: gregoriojess@yahoo.com

We do SCADA, BMS, FDAS, FMS, HMI, and Control System Integration.

https://jcgregsolutions.wordpress.com/2016/07/31/over-and-above-scada-bms-fdas-hmi/

Browse JcGreg Flipboard Magazine

https://flipboard.com/@JessGregorio?tab=magazines

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